9 Beef_2009

9 Beef_2009 - Beef Cattle • History of Beef Cattle •...

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Unformatted text preview: Beef Cattle • History of Beef Cattle • Size/I mportance of the I ndustry • Production in N.C. • Behavior Patterns • Management Calendar • Types of Beef Operations History of Beef Cattle • Domesticated 6000 to 6500 years ago (~ 4500 B.C.) • Wild ancestors called the Auruch (which was a generic name for wild cattle) History of Beef Cattle • Wild cattle were fairly widespread in the “Old World” (Europe, Asia) , but had narrow ranges • Originally domesticated for religious reasons • Brought to North/South America, New Zealand and Australia via European and Asian explorers History of Beef Cattle • Origin of most domestic breeds of cattle can be traced to Eastern Europe (France, England, I taly) in the late 1600’s and early 1700’s • There are numerous breeds that were developed in the U.S. in the 1800’s and early 1900’s History of Beef Cattle • Examples- Red Angus - selective breeding of animals with recessive gene for coat color (red)- Brangus - selective breeding of Brahman and Angus cattle U.S. Cattle Demographics - 2007 • Total beef cattle operations - 967,440 • Total cattle inventory - 96.1 million head • Gross income in U.S. from sale of cattle - $49.4 billion Top Producing States • Texas, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma and South Dakota are the top 5 states in terms of numbers of beef cows • Texas, Nebraska, Kansas, California, and Oklahoma are the top 5 states in terms of market cattle sold N.C. Cattle Demographics - 2007 • Total beef cattle operations – 19,000 • Total cattle inventory – 830,000 head • Gross income in N.C. from sale of cattle - $247 million N.C. “Market Share” of U.S. Beef I ndustry • Total operations – 2.0% • Total inventory – 0.9% • Gross income – 0.5% Leading Beef Cattle Counties in N.C. • Wilkes • I redell • Randolph • Chatham • Surry • Cleveland Inventory of Beef Cows in N.C. by County NCDA Agricultural Statistics, 2002 Production in N.C. • concentrated in the Piedmont and Western part of the state • Recently, a large influx of cattle have entered the Southeastern part of the state due to the use of cattle as part of swine waste management programs Production in N.C....
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2010 for the course ANS 150 taught by Professor Jamoore during the Fall '08 term at N.C. State.

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9 Beef_2009 - Beef Cattle • History of Beef Cattle •...

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