10 Swine_2009

10 Swine_2009 - SwineProduction History Size of...

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Swine Production History Size of Industry/Importance Production in N.C. Unique Behaviors Management Schedule
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History of Pigs Domesticated between 8000 to 9000 years ago (~7000 B.C.) Wild ancestor was called the “wild pig” or “banded pig”. Its range was from Europe to China
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History of Pigs Primary reason for domestication was food Pigs probably lived on the “fringes” of nomadic bands living off the scraps humans left behind Later, they were captured by humans in stationary band to prevent them from raiding their crops.
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Family Tree of Modern Swine Daedon (extinct pre-historic pig ancestor) Peccaries (collared peccary, white-lipped peccary) Old World Pigs (Warthog, Bush Pig, Wild Boar, Forest Hog) Domestic Pigs (Chinese; American & N. European; & Iberian)
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Skeleton of an Ancient Peccary
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Wild European Pigs
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Warthog
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American Yorkshire
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Meishan
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Iberian (Spain)
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“Chinese” versus “European” Pigs CHINESE EUROPEAN Large litter size (> 20) Very lean Good mothering ability Rapid growth Very docile Very adaptable No peck orders Good meat quality Small size (~ 300 lbs) Large size (~500 lbs Slow growth Establish peck orders Increased body fat Increased disease susceptibility
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History of Pigs in North America Year Explorer Location Christopher Cuba, Haiti Columbus Hernando Tampa Bay, FL de Soto Hernando New Mexico (via Cortez Mexico) Sir Walter Jamestown, VA Raleigh 1492 1539 1600 1607
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World Swine Production U.S. ranks second in total swine production on a world-wide basis China is first U.S. is the leading exporter and third leading importer of pork in the world (2001 figures)
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U.S. Swine Demographics -  2007 Total Swine operations – 65,640 Total swine inventory – 68.1 million head Total sow inventory – 6.1 million Gross income in U.S. from sale of pork products - $14.8 billion
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Top Producing States Iowa, North Carolina, Minnesota, Illinois, and Indiana are the top 5 states in terms of swine production
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N.C. Swine Demographics -  2007 Total swine operations – 2,300
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2010 for the course ANS 150 taught by Professor Jamoore during the Fall '08 term at N.C. State.

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10 Swine_2009 - SwineProduction History Size of...

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