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12 Sheep_Goats_2009

12 Sheep_Goats_2009 - Sheep and Goat s H ist or y I mpor t...

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Sheep and Goats History Importance Behaviors Sheep Management Schedule (Unique situations/practices)
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History of Goats Domesticated 8500 to 9000 years ago (~7000 B.C.) Wild ancestor believed to be the Bezoar goat, which originally lived in an area from Persia / Asia Minor to Crete including parts of Russia.
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History of Goats Domesticated for food, milk, and clothing Very common among nomadic societies Brought to North/South America, New Zealand and Australia via European and Asian explorers
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History of Sheep Domesticated 6000 to 7000 years ago (~ 5000 B.C.) Wild ancestors were probably the European Mouflon and Asiatic Urial which had ranges from Western Europe to China
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History of Sheep Domesticated for food, milk, and clothing Brought to North/South America, New Zealand and Australia via European and Asian explorers
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History of Sheep Ancient ancestors probably had predominantly hair (as opposed to wool) They grew and matured slowly
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History of Sheep Also, they probably were poor producers of milk and gave birth predominantly to single lambs
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History of Sheep After domestication, selective breeding or genetic improvement has resulted in: fast growth multiple births wool quality
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U.S. Sheep Demographics - 2007 Total sheep operations – 70,590 Total sheep inventory – 7.3 million head Gross income in U.S. from sale of sheep products - $505 million
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Top Producing States Texas, California, Wyoming, Colorado, and South Dakota are the top 5 states in terms of sheep production
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N.C. Sheep Demographics - 2007 Total sheep operations – 850 Total sheep inventory – 21,000 head Gross income in N.C. from sale of sheep products - $751,000
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N.C. “Market Share” of U.S. Sheep Industry Total operations – 1.1% Total inventory – 0.3% Gross income – 0.2%
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Goat Demographics - 2007 Total U.S. goat operations – 108,130 Total N.C. goat operations – 4,300
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Importance in N.C.
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