13 Equine_2009

13 Equine_2009 - Equine Management Brief History/Uses Behaviors(overview Equine Demographics in N.C Equine management calendar History of Horses

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Equine Management Brief History/Uses Behaviors (overview) Equine Demographics in N.C. Equine management calendar
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History of Horses Domesticated 5000 to 6000 years ago (~4000 B.C.) There appeared to be wild horse and donkey-like creatures during the late Pleistocene era
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Zeuner, 1963
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History of Horses Its not clear if these were actually the foundation stock of our modern domesticated horses Two races of wild horses definitely are represented in modern horse breeds.
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History of Horses One is the Przewalski Horse whose home range consisted of what is mostly Mongolia today The other is the Tarpan whose home range consisted of southern Russia (Ukraine)
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Zeuner, 1963
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History of Horses Domesticated for transportation Brought to North/South America via European and Asian explorers It is possible that some wild horses in the Americas are descendents of horses that crossed the Siberian Ice Bridge into Europe and Asia
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History of Horses First “bit” used in 4000 B.C. First saddle with stirrups was used in 3000 B.C. Military use of horses very prevalent by 1000 A.D.
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History of Horses Dressage - originally military in origin (Lipizzan, Spanish Riding School, etc.) Horses had to be able to respond to seat and leg movements so hands of rider were free for combat
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History of Horses The oldest recorded use of A.I. in domesticated animals is believed with horses Arabic texts dating back to 1322 describe the collection of semen from stallions to breed mares
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Brief History Horse is probably the animal that is most responsible for man’s ability to “populate” the world
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Behaviors - Communication Auditions - Neigh - Nicker - Snorts, Squeals, and Roars Vision - Expressions - Postures Olfaction
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Neigh Greeting or separation call that appears to be important in maintaining herd cohesion This call can also be used by horses to call to their owners when separated or as a greeting Horses expect a response to this call
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Nicker Soft nicker is a care-giving or care- soliciting call Horses may nicker to the person feeding them Horses expect a response to this call
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Snorts, Squeal, and Roars When horses use one of these, then they do not expect a reply or response
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2010 for the course ANS 150 taught by Professor Jamoore during the Fall '08 term at N.C. State.

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13 Equine_2009 - Equine Management Brief History/Uses Behaviors(overview Equine Demographics in N.C Equine management calendar History of Horses

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