Lecture 2 - Migration theories Economic and Social Origin...

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Unformatted text preview: Migration theories Economic and Social Origin of Immigration Four periods of international migration 1. 1500-1800. The process of colonization and mercantilism 1 2. 1800-1915, industrialization of Europe, independence of some colonies 3. 1916-1949, the I and II World Wars, limited migration 2 4. From 1950 on, globalization TRANSNATIONAL migration demographic political economic cultural familial personal etc. What other levels do you think can influence the process of migration? 3 Economic level: Misconceptions: immigration is caused by wage difference between the countries pressure for immigration comes from poor economic situation and lack of development in a country of origin Economic level: Massey: minimize risks and diversify incomes development creates pressure to immigrate Push and pull work together What else influences immigration? 4 Social level: migrant networks Definition: sets of interpersonal ties that link together migrants, former migrants, and nonmigrants in origin and destination areas through the bonds of kinship, friendship, and shared community origin Roles of migrant networks: -increase the likelihood of migration -lower the cost of movement -increase the net return Policy level: immigration policy: laws and regulations about immigration discourage encourage Immigration regulation often backfire, e.g.: limitations of immigration + family reunification policy = huge pressure to immigrate 5 Consequences of mass migration: Changing “nationality” Changing “national language” Changing “cultural identity” Changing patterns of work and entertainment “multiculturalism” and “diversity” 6 ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2010 for the course ENGINEERIN 242 211 taught by Professor Tessier during the Spring '10 term at UMass (Amherst).

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Lecture 2 - Migration theories Economic and Social Origin...

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