Annotated Bibliography Sample
How have the feelings of Americans towards the bombings of Hiroshima
and Nagasaki changed since the attacks of September 11, 2001?
Complete citation for item found
"The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima." The Manhattan Project. U.S. Department of
Energy: Office of History & Heritage Resources. 25 Sept. 2008
Information source used
Search strategy employed –
keyword – Hiroshima
Evaluation of Material –
The information is laid out extremely well with many external links
and sources that they have used to compile their data, as well as provide the reader with
additional information. Facts are concise, unbiased, and provides great detail about the event
itself without embellishing on personal stories. The data seems to have been gathered over a long
period of time, so the evidence is thorough. This site will be valuable in the future if further
research is required.
Paraphrased ideas or direct quotations
Hiroshima is in southwest Japan with a civilian population of around 300,000 and a
military population of approximately 43,000.
At approximately 8:15 AM, the “little boy” 9,700-pound uranium bomb was dropped
from 31,000 feet and exploded 1,900 feet above the ground.
The plane that dropped the bomb was shaken by the two shock waves from 31,000 feet in
"The city was hidden by that awful cloud . . . boiling up, mushrooming, terrible and
incredibly tall," – Colonel Paul Tibbets, pilot
Air raids were on alert in the morning, called off when a weather plane flew overhead, so
city was bustling by 8:00 AM.
“Those closest to the explosion died instantly,Victim of atomic attack with the pattern of
her clothing burned into her back. their bodies turned to black char.
Nearby birds burst
into flames in mid-air, and dry, combustible materials such as paper instantly ignited as
far away as 6,400 feet from ground zero.
The white light acted as a giant flashbulb,
burning the dark patterns of clothing onto skin and the shadows of bodies onto walls.
Survivors outdoors close to the blast generally describe a literally blinding light
combined with a sudden and overwhelming wave of heat.”
People outdoors received flash burns, people indoors were injured with shattered, flying
glass, and the strongest buildings collapsed.
Only 10% of buildings were left untouched; everything within one mile destroyed, within
Several minutes after the drop, a firestorm engulfed 4.4 square miles of the city,
swallowing anyone who did not or could not get out (due to leg injuries).