Sectional Politics

Sectional Politics - SectionalPolitics I II III IV...

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Sectional Politics  ----- (4/23/09) I. Mexican War II. Positions of Slavery in the Territories III. Compromise of 1850 IV. Kansas-Nebraska Crisis a. Kansas-Nebraska Act b. Effect on Parties V. Caning of Charles Sumner VI. 1856 Election VII. Dred Scott Decision VIII. John Brown’s Raid IX. Election of 1860 X. Secession   (A.) Mexican War - Starts out as a big, fat mess - Comes out of afore-mentioned - Texas was part of Mexico up until 1830s, and Mexico is part of Spain -  Texas represented northern region of Spanish empire  o Spanish officials wanted to try and develop Texas  o Population in Texas very low—native population was there but not a lot of  Spanish people living there, so there is a deal between Spanish officials  and US citizens: they will come to Mexico (Texas)  Plan was that the US citizens would leave the US and go to Texas —leave the US and go into another country, in doing this, they  would stop being US citizens and start being Mexican citizens; so  they would presumably have full citizen rights and have to obey  Mexican laws There is no state church in the US, which was unusual at the time In Mexico, the Catholic Church was the official church, so US  people would have to become part of Catholic Church - TX was part, but was a northern outreach of Mexico; closest court was 500 miles  away, but they were so far removed from any gov’t presence, that they're just  there doing their own thing. Couldn’t vote because too far away; American  citizens who go never think of themselves as Mexican citizens; they were much 
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closer to US economic activity than with Mexican, so continued to trade with the  US - There is a revolution in Mexico, and it becomes independent of Spain o AND Mexico goes through turbulent political period during and  immediately after this revolution o Mexican gov’t becomes a dictatorship; the dictator decided he had had it  with these US settlers in TX; they were still acting like they were living in  the US o So the dictator sends troops to TX o In the end settlers in TX successfully defeat Mexican military force, and  Texas settlers declare themselves independent of Mexico - messy in the beginning; US citizens come in, don’t think of themselves as being  in another country until this revolution, then there's a crack down and they win  and separate o REPUBLIC OF Texas! o Mexico doesn't recognize this, but wanted US to annex TX, but the US  would not do it—it is a MESSY situation, Andrew Jackson would not  touch it—he knew not to Knew it would be a tough move because white settlers who 
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