Nullification - N ullification (4/2/09) I. II. III. IV....

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Nullification (4/2/09) I. John C. Calhoun II. South Carolina and the 1828 Tariff III. Theory of Nullification IV. Nullification Crisis a. 1832 Tariff b. South Carolina moves to Nullify c. Jackson’s response d. Settlement - AJ is a major player (I.) John C. Calhoun - Is the center figure - Good debater, original thinker, very well-read - Was a very well-known national politician in the first half of the 19 th century o Held so many different offices: Senator, vice president under 2 administrations, US Secretary of War - part of the so-called “Second Generation” o seems to feel like they have something to prove; their fathers and grandfathers had done the revolutionary stuff o tended to be nationalists; wanted to come in and contribute something to the nation; make the nation work; wanted the nation to prove itself against the British Empire - had supported the tariff of 1816 - start seeing growing sectionalism - JC gets involved in sectionalism politics - Was from SC o When he starts getting focused on sectional issues, its SC’s issues, and the south’s issues o Focus of issues that are of most concern to his section of the country o To his death, he supported the idea of the US being a country and wanted it to stay together, but he did believe his section of the country needed to keep a mindful eye on its interests
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(II.) South Carolina and the 1828 Tariff - The southern states felt like their interests were being sacrificed, but SC was especially - SC starts turning against the tariff, so JC starts turning against it; early in 1816 he had supported it - The south turns against it - Congress passes a new tariff bill in 1828 but what makes the south mad in 1828: the tariff goes up. - North is focusing more on industrialization more than the south o Industry was emerging and developing in the north; the south continued to focus on mainly plantation agriculture o The tariff seems to benefit the industry developing in the north, and hurt the south o South is having to pay more for imported manufactured goods The north was too, but at the same time it was starting to manufacture stuff. -
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2010 for the course HIST 2055 taught by Professor Sheehan during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Nullification - N ullification (4/2/09) I. II. III. IV....

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