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The Constitution

The Constitution - The Constitution I II Constitutional...

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The Constitution -- 2/19/09 I. Constitutional Convention II. Constitution a. Power of the new government b. Structure of the new government c. Reasons it satisfies republicanism III. Ratification a. Opponents b. Supporters IV. Problems with the Constitution - national gov’t under const. has a lot of power - structure is different - AOC based on republican political philosophy, const. is as well Constitutional convention - national and state gov’ts are facing lots of problems - meeting is called in PA (starts in spring of 1787)—things are getting outs of control; right after rebellion in W MA - meetings held in secret; meet through the summer o Everyone knew they were going on—GW in PA, everybody knew about it. o Kept in secret meant: what was being discussed was kept in secret; visitors were not allowed in - convention broken down into committees - committee reports were kept to a minimum - trying to get a final document and then present it to the nation; people don’t want it known what goes on to get to that point - delegation that meets: o what you would expect o still have deferential political system o wealthier men meeting, with national reputations, more educated men o a lot of them had experience of being a lawyer; practiced as attorneys o a lot of them had a ton of political experience; more than half of them had served in the national gov’ts congress under AOC, new first hand the bad national gov’t called for in AOC
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o a few had experienced working on state constitutions o direct experience with dealing with bad system of gov’t of 1780s o many had been officers in revolutionary war really knew how little national gov’t could deliver (during war) o people who were there: George Washington was there; presides over constitutional convention; heads it up, trying to organize it all; intellectually contributes virtually nothing to the constitution Hold the operation together—wealthy powerful guys together with HUGE egos, didn’t like working with each other or compromising, GW perfect to hold everything together Benjamin Franklin was there—representing PA, convention being held in his state and his city Was old (was 81) Does contribute some ideas to constitution, by 1787 not all there like when he was younger Alexander Hamilton was there James Madison was there: very important, considered principle architect of the constitution, even though his ideas were greatly altered by the time things were said and done Did his homework; studied gov’t extensively before the convention, looked back over human history, discovered what had worked and what hadn’t worked and why or why not it worked Did his homework and arrived in PA with a new plan for a new system of gov’t Arrives with is not what he leaves PA with. By the time they're done, they’ve taken Madison’s blueprint and changed it A LOT!
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The Constitution - The Constitution I II Constitutional...

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