Social and Economic Changes and Responses

Social and Economic Changes and Responses - *whatever we...

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(**whatever we get to on this outline will be on the test*****) Social and Economic Changes and Responses – 3/19/09 I. Changes a. Westward expansion b. Democratization c. Transportation revolution d. Growth of manufacturing e. Immigration II. Responses a. Republican motherhood b. Revivals c. Reform d. Riots e. Abolitionism f. Women’s rights g. Utopian societies Changes Westward expansion! - by time of revolution, white settlement had spread from Atlantic coast to Appalachian mtn range - see a rapid white expansion over app range - whites avoid great plains o termed “The Great American Desert” - start seeing in 1 st half of 19 th century a lot of new states added to the country o a few at very end of 18 th century, but many in first part of 19 th century - whites spreading westward VERY fast; much faster than in colonial area - whites pour into the “Deep South”—AL, MI, LA - older southern states, see plantation owners there (VA, SC) leaving their land because they're warn out o slave owners from upper south leave everything and move to deep south and claim fresh land—move slaves with them - migration involves force migration of slaves to Deep South
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- Population of US pushing very rapidly westward, stopping at edge of Great Plains o does continue westward in a way; do start seeing whites going all the way to west coast o by the time CW comes, there’s a very large presence of whites on west coast o push to MI R, go a few miles west, then stop, then lots on west coast— not so many whites in Great Plains - heavy-duty growth on west coast worries some people o fear that the country wouldn’t work; its just unmanageable o how is nation supposed to work if there's growing population on west coast—cali is a state all the way out there! o How is country this expansive supposed to work when they only way to get to cali is to cross the great plains on a wagon train ; there is another way—you could go buy ship. Not much better (you have to go down around S America) - Notion that people out in cali are freaky because they would actually cross the great plains to get there! Whaaat?!! o Plus, the nation’s capital is ON the east coast - Why are people abandoning the western coast of the country? - Its just not manageable ): Democratization - 18 th century dominated by idea that there are better men and lesser men; better men supposed to lead and have things better than everyone else—just the way it went back then o Other stuff by end of 18 th cent, starting to come undone; serious questions being asked about this assumption—who says you are better? - when you get to 19 th century, you see widespread questions of this - TJ prez in 19 th century, Madison followed TJ, getting to 18-teens, and old- school guys like Madison are prez! Have some carry over from 18 th century (TJ dies 1820s, Madison dies 1830s) o Their world/culture is dying out - in 1820s see political stuff; is very clear something is changing - to vote back when: had to be a white man with property o by 1820s, class requirement going away; is limited to white men (before was white men who owned property) o vote starts being opened up to poor white men
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