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Unformatted text preview: Governments Created During the Revolution and Problems of the 1780s 2/17/09 I. Creation of new government a. Influences b. Characteristics of state governments c. Articles of Confederation i. Difficulty with ratification ii. Terms of the Articles iii. Successes II. problems under the Articles a. economic b. foreign affairs i. British ii. Spain c. State Governments Creation of new gov’t- System they created isn’t manageable Influences- colonists didn’t consider themselves as part of anything- 13 colonies didn’t think of themselves as part of each other, had guarded their autonomy o is hard for them to fight together is in the revolution; hard for them to even meet with each other o idea of meeting for 1 st and 2 nd CC, historically was not how things had been o thinking of themselves as a nation? Completely foreign- the tendency for most of these formal colonies was for these citizens to identify themselves first as citizens for these former colonies, not the US; was a completely foreign concept, on paper it existed but not mentally or culturally- in the late colonial period especially, the perception was: good gov’t balanced liberty and power—given their experience what is most likely to get out of control? They said power- they create gov’ts that are powerless; don’t want them to have power—power is bad newz.- Republicanism: political philosophy of the 18 th century; do want a gov’t that balances liberty and power o First gov’ts have LOTS of liberty but not enough power state governments- state gov’ts were not all alike, but had a lot in common- on the surface, the state gov’t do seem to reflect British culture o politically have separated, culturally, are British- new states LOOK BRITISH!- States have governors, colonial governors had been like kings- State governors were very weak, had virtually no power and were not independent of legislatures; legislatures selected the gov’t; were used to a 3- branch gov’t, executive, legislative, and judicial; in the states you have the executive (governor) judicial (court system) o Governor was not independent of the state legislatures—they had to pick the governor; of they didn’t like him they could get rid of him- judges have to do what legislature says- not 3 independent branches of gov’t; they all answer to each other, except the legislature; all the power is in the legislature; on paper looks like checks and balances system, but in reality it isn’t national gov’t- nothing like the gov’t that will be created later on by the constitution, and not anything like the state gov’ts- clearly designed to be weak- reflects the idea that most of power is going to be in the hands of the states; loose collection of states that sort of agreed to act in unison in certain ways; seem to understand the idea that there’s a new nation; just very odd idea AOC- at national level, running so scared of potential abuse of executive power, there is no executive branch...
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2010 for the course HIST 2055 taught by Professor Sheehan during the Spring '08 term at LSU.
- Spring '08