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Settlement of English Colonies Part II

Settlement of English Colonies Part II - Settlement of...

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Settlement of English Colonies, Part II (1/27/09) I. Massachusetts a. Puritanism b. Types of settlers c. Puritan society d. Dissenters i. Roger William ii. Anne Hutchinson e. Comparison with Virginia f. Factors leading to change II. middle colonies a. new York b. Pennsylvania c. Characteristic of middle colonies III. southern colonies a. Carolina b. Georgia - not talking about the pilgrims in this lecture BECAUSE--- - pilgrims: group who come to Plymouth colony in 1620 o were separatists: were separating from England and church of England - puritan people did NOT think they were separatists o always claimed that they were non-separatists not separating from England or church of England or government of England o always claimed they would go back; were not separating o group never really grows very large o Plymouth colony ultimately becomes part of Massachusetts Types of settlers in pilgrim community - are different than ones who come to Virginia o a little bit of everybody coming to MA o even sex ratio o young people o old people, etc o parents, kids, grandparents - mixture of classes o not much of a middle class in England - people who in England who were doing alright financially - puritan settlers are middle class, they do fine; could read and write - do pretty well - MA does not endure the several years of hard struggle like the VA settlers do
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- People are fairly healthy; do well for themselves - Don’t experience disease and starvation like VA people do - Life expectancy in England was longer than that in VA—shortest amount of time in VA, but lived longer than VA and England in MA Puritan society - people are not quite as uptight as we imagine - did believe in moderation in some respects, not grumpy assholes all the time - Did not have a problem with alcohol, as long as it’s done in moderation (=KEY THING!) - Could eat FEASTS!! CELEBRATE!! - No problem with sex, as long as it’s done within marriage o Had very large families - went out and did things that for exercise, like ice skating (aw) - settled in communities (also dif. from VA) o lived in TOWNS (=IMPORTANT) o in communities, people watched each other; checked each other’s behavior o if you lived outside the little towns you were frowned upon o establish a perfect godly community on Puritan terms - Puritanism is LITERALLY at the focus and center of communities - Economy was mixed. o Did a little bit of everything in order to survive o Farmed, but is subsistence farming o Do not engage in staple crop agriculture (like, VA, their purpose is to make money, however) o To make money, were forced to do everything except staple crop agri; which didn’t work in the northeast Did commercial fishing operations, would fish and salt heavily Lumber operation Puritans themselves making use of that lumber: some used in MA for ship building industry - government o all colonies are privately funded, Puritans are as well o Technically on paper, MA was a company (!) o In order to vote: had to be a full-church member; someone among god’s
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