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Road to Independence and Revolution

Road to Independence and Revolution - h...

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http://www.noteswap.com/index.php ^^noteswap! Go sign up! Road to Independence and Revolution 2/10/09 I. French and Indian War a. Events of the war b. British unsatisfied with the colonist’s role II. Britain’s relationship with the colonists changes a. Proclamation Line—1763 b. Sugar Act—1764 c. Stamp Act—1765 i. Stamp Act Congress—1765 ii. Forms of opposition d. Townshend Acts—1767 III. Boston Massacre IV. Republicanism a. Balance of power and liberty b. Popular sovereignty c. Independent society d. Virtuous society V. Increase in tensions resumes Sugar act - doesn’t see much reaction Stamp act - passed a year after sugar act - taxed paper documents - reasons called stamp act: when tax would be paid, document would be stamped (physical repr. of being taxed) - make ready to start collecting the tax, pass the act, but colonial furor is so great, the tax is repealed before its collected—get close but never collect the tax - Parliament felt like the tax was well within reason—was there to bring in revenue to pay for the military force that was being kept in the colonies to deter an adversary from attacking; was not designed to start stealing money from the colony, was to pay for expenses related to the colonies.
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- Colonists were employed to collect the tax; the revenue would stay in the colonies - Don’t like the stamp tax! Also don’t like the sugar act. - latter half of 18 th century, are printing up own mags and newspapers - Colonists are outraged at the sugar act but REALLY mad about the stamp act. - Do not act in unison on anything until the stamp act **** (colonies found at different times by different people for different reasons—first time they sit down together was when they deal with the stamp act—CRISIS!) - They will jointly petition the government back in jolly ol’ London! Forms of opposition - Colonists felt that they were proud to be part of the British Empire; were loyal subjects to the king and understood parliament ruled England, BUT! They say that since they ARE British, they have the same rights as the people in England—constitutional understanding was that you CANNOT be taxed for revenue purposes without your consent. - There was also mobbing (rioting=when people get mad at something and just go out and destroy.) = picking your targets. You do see mobs of colonists going out and attacking stamp act offices, officials, the homes of stamp act officials; anything directly associated with stamp act gets mobbed. - Colonists will not purchase goods coming from England until stamp act is repealed, and it is in 1766. - The same year, parliament states that it does have the authority to impose revenue taxes; it does get rid of stamp act, but it can still do what it wants! Townshend Acts - taxes for revenue purposes - taxed basic commodities being imported into the colonies from England (not going to ask specifics) - enforcing trade policy - make the same argument—cant be taxed for revenue purposes without their consent - Till 1770 things are pretty much cool.
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