infant congnitive - 10/1/09 Piagets- father of cognitive...

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10/1/09 Piaget’s- father of cognitive development- trained as a biologist- organismic stage theory- believes in discontinuous qualitative change- the goal is equilibrium Cognitive Developmental Theory Cognitive Change Adaptation- made up of two processes- everyone does these two things Assimilation- we interpret the environment and take it in based on existing cognitive structure- calling every blue car a ford because your parents have a blue ford Accommodation- you change your existing cognitive structure to interpret it- develop new structures Equilibrium- balance between assimilation and accommodation Cognitive Structures Schemes- thought that underlie actions- more primitive and less developed and more intuitive- what we have until 7 or 8 Operations- logical and reversible strategies or plans or thoughts- develop after 7 and 8- math is an operation for example: 2+2 Sensorimotor Development 0-2years -Reflexive Schemes (birth-1 month) -Primary Circular Reactions (1-4 months) -Secondary Circular Reactions (4-8 months) -Coordination of Secondary Circular Reactions (8-12 months) -Tertiary Circular Reactions (12-18 months) -Mental Combinations (Internalization of Schemes) (18-24 months) Substage 1 Reflexive Schemes (0 to 1 Mo.) Newborn reflexes basis of sensorimotor intelligence- initially reflexes that turn into schemes- move from reflexive to reflective Suck, grasp, and look in much the same way, no matter what the circumstances Substage 2 Primary Circular Reactions (1 to 4 Mos.) First learned adaptations Change behavior in response to environmental demands Circular reactions are primary- make noises with their voice as well Oriented toward infants own body and they repeat it and repeat it Motivated by basic needs Substage 3 Secondary Circular Reactions (4 to 8 Mos.) Circular reactions are secondary are not so body based anymore more environment
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2010 for the course PSYC 220 taught by Professor Merriwether during the Spring '08 term at Binghamton University.

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infant congnitive - 10/1/09 Piagets- father of cognitive...

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