EmoSocialDev in early childhood

EmoSocialDev in early childhood - Emotional and Social...

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Emotional and Social Development in Early Childhood Play Play development Unoccupied play Solitary play Onlooker play Parallel play Associative play Cooperative play Form and context of play : Sensorimotor play Functional (practice) play Constructive play Social play Dramatic play Games Gender Typing Gender Typing: Biological or Environmental? Biological Factors: 0. Heredity 0. Brain Structure- not a lot of difference between male and female- the corpus colesum more variable in size in women and the part of brain responsible for sex drive there are subtle differences (hypothalamus) but no radical differences- there are differences what part of the brain is lighting up when men and women do different cognitive task- on tasks that show sex difference men use right hemisphere while women use both hemispheres. These kinds of tasks tend to be timed and when they are not timed there is not much of a sex difference, men have shorter times and tend to be more accurate and women run out of time and make more mistakes. One is mental rotation the other is spatial visual (paper folding). Men tend to solve these tasks mentally while women use more verbal strategies. The verbal strategy tends to be slower. Spatial perception task there is a glass half full of water and they tip it -Men do better- women 2/3 fine 1/3 not Hormones Environmental Factors 1. Family- little boys and little girls treated differently- boys have more freedom earlier spatial things- different expectations from the
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beginning- still even today parents prefer a male over female 2. School- treats boys and girls differently- more likely to encourage dependence on girls and pay attention to boys 3. Peers- girls get more help if they are cute the not cute little girls get more antisocial behavior towards them- kids tend to socialize with their own sex early on 4. Culture (Macrosystem) Theories of Gender Typing Psychoanalytic- Freud- interaction during phallic with our parents and from doing that we become gender typed- interaction of biology and environment Social Learning Theory- what we expect from you as a male or female and role models are very critically important and things like punishment and reinforcement Cognitive Developmental- Lawrence Kohlberg Gender Schema Cognitive Developmental Kohlberg Kohlberg believes Children go through the following stages in the understanding of gender: 5. Gender Identity- they do not know their gender they have to
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EmoSocialDev in early childhood - Emotional and Social...

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