soc319review4 - SOC319Exam#4StudyGuide

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
SOC 319 - Exam #4 Study Guide  Posted November 16, 2008; Exam is Monday, November 24 th Exam 3 Format (bring a calculator) Part 1. Multiple Choice:   21 questions @ 3 points each  = 63 points Part 2. Calculation, Concepts/Analysis (Short Answer):   6 of 7 questions @ 6 points each  = 36 points Urbanization 1. Recognize percent of the population that is urban in major world regions, in less developed  countries, and in more developed countries. - 1950-75: 33% Urban LDC, 19% Urban MDC, 48% Rural all countries - 1975-2000: 57% Urban LDC, 9% Urban MDC, 34% Rural all countries - 2000-2025: 90% Urban LDC, 5% Urban MDC, 5% Rural all countries 2. Know definitions of “urban,” “very large cities,” and “megacities.” - Urban: a spatial concentration of people whose lives are organized around nonagricultural activities.  Usually there is a lower limit to the number of people living in a given area.  - Very large city: one million+ residents - Megacity:  usually defined as a metropolitan area with a total population in excess of 10 million people 3. Know basics of modernization theory and core-periphery theory. - Modernization theory: With economic development and technological advancements, cities became  economically efficient places. Theory focuses on countries in isolation from one another More applicable to early trends of urbanization, and therefore modernization theory better fits the  experiences of cities in MDCs (especially up until WWII). - Core-periphery theory: Cities in the core (MDCs) control world resources and make cities in the periphery  (LDCs) dependent on them. Growth is contingent on the ever increasing interdependency of cities within a globalized world market  economy. In order for the periphery to tap into the world market, their productive cities must look outward. Used to explain variations from the  rank-size rule   Rank-size rule: Rank of a city’s size in a country is proportional to its relation to the country’s  largest city. P i  = P 1 /i   Example: 2 nd  largest city is ½ the size of the largest…4 th  largest city is ¼ the size of the  largest…etc. Exceptions to this rule are known as a  primate cities 4. Know the major trends in urbanization in MDCs, in LDC regions, as well as the relative impact of  rural-urban migration vs. natural increase on urbanization. - Look at power point slides
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
5. Know the unsuccessful and successful strategies for stemming urban growth. -
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 9

soc319review4 - SOC319Exam#4StudyGuide

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online