#10 NS 160 Diabetes Complications

#10 NS 160 Diabetes Complications - Diabetes and its...

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Unformatted text preview: Diabetes and its complications Defnition oF Diabetes Endocrinology: An Integrated Approach Nussey, S.S. and Whitehead, S.A. London: Taylor & Francis ; c2001 Oral glucose tolerance tests Endocrinology: An Integrated Approach Nussey, S.S. and Whitehead, S.A. London: Taylor & Francis ; c2001 Types of Diabetes Endocrinology: An Integrated Approach Nussey, S.S. and Whitehead, S.A. London: Taylor & Francis ; c2001 Type 1 DM Endocrinology: An Integrated Approach Nussey, S.S. and Whitehead, S.A. London: Taylor & Francis ; c2001 Type 2 DM Endocrinology: An Integrated Approach Nussey, S.S. and Whitehead, S.A. London: Taylor & Francis ; c2001 Maturity onset diabetes in the young (MODY) The vast majority of diabetes cases fall into the categories of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. However, up to 5% of cases have other speciFc causes and include diabetes that results from the mutation of a single gene. Maturity onset diabetes in the young (MODY) Gestational Diabetes Pregnant women who have never had diabetes before but who have high blood sugar (glucose) levels during pregnancy are said to have gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes affects about 4% of all pregnant women - about 135,000 cases of gestational diabetes in the United States each year. GDM is a form of insulin resistance during late pregnancy due to unknown mechanisms Untreated GDM can cause macrosomia (fat babies) in the infant and later development of obesity and T2DM Treatment mainly consists of dietary intervention and exercise but may also include anti-diabetic drugs Gestational Diabetes Diabetic complications A Case of Diabetes A 56-year-old Indian unemployed accountant was referred to the Emergency Room of the hospital by his primary care physician because of problems with his right foot. He had never attended a spet diabetes clinic although he had had DM for an unspeciFed period of years. Physically, he was lean with a blood pressure of 160/80. His ankle reexes were absent and he had, indeed, serious problems with his right foot. After attempting to leave the department barefoot, it became apparent that he thought that God talked to him via the birds and that the universe was controlled by a dinosaur that had bitten his foot. He initially refused all treatment and was convinced that God would heal his foot through the further personal intervention of the dinosaur. Later discussion with his family revealed that he had been psychotic for 20 years but that he had always refused medical help. He had a strong years but that he had always refused medical help....
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#10 NS 160 Diabetes Complications - Diabetes and its...

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