LIGN 7 Lecture Notes

LIGN 7 Lecture Notes - • Especially in profoundly deaf...

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LIGN 7 Lecture Notes 16:05 What is ASL related to? The Historical Path of ASL Catholic Church: belief that the souls of the deaf, dumb, and mute must be  saved through confession and that language is essential to humanity. L’Abbe de L’Epee Institution Nationale de Sourder-Muets , 1760 Gesture to Sign Co-speech gesture 90% of speech is accompanied by gesture and increases with linguistic  development. Types of gestures: pointing, beats/batons, iconics, emblems. These gestures indicate breaks, beats, emphasis, etc. Some gestures  indicate actions. Emblems = vocabulary words, ex: shaking head means no,  finger to lips means quiet. Homesign Not ASL- gestures are unique to families, friends, and the individual. 
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Unformatted text preview: • Especially in profoundly deaf children to communicate with family using pointing and gestures. Thomas Gallaudet c. 1716 • Minister, lived in London and Paris, married to Alice Cogswell Laurent Clerc c. 1816 • Pupil of Sicard, educated at Royal Institute, 1 st deaf teacher in U.S. American Asylum for the Deaf & Dumb, 1817 Hartford, Connecticut Teacher from France helped develop common signs, leading to cognates: French Sign Language vs. American Sign Language Cognates: laugh, help, liar Non-cognates: punish, habit, president HS Minimal Pairs Candy – Jealous Home – Yesterday Dumb – original meaning = mute. 16:05 16:05...
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