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Geology 101-3 - Geology 101 Test#3 Final Resource...

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Geology 101 Test #3 – Final Resource- concentration of naturally occurring (solid, liquid, gas) materials that can be used economically Reserve- as estimate of known resources Fossil Fuels (Derived from once living things) Coal, natural gas and oil Coal - swamps Lignite Bituminous Anthracite Brown coal Young coal Western US Not very deep Strip mining Low % volatiles Low amount of heat Black coal Old coal Eastern US Mine underground Give lots of heat High % volatiles Metamorphosed coal Silver coal Burns REALLY hot Very clean Not much left Problems with coal mining: 1. Bush 43 2. Environmental disasters a. Strip mining can lead to land slides b. Underground coal mine fires 3. Health Issues a. Acid drainage How much oil do we use in 1 day? 20 million barrels per day QuickTimeª and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
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Oil- Zooplankton (marine Animals) Natural gas - phytoplankton (marine plants) 4 things needed for Oil and Natural Gas: 1. Source - organic remains 2. Reservoir - needed to hold the organic remains (porosity and permeability-
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