Chemstudyguidefinal - Final study guide 1st midterm Biomolecule diversity and complexity and underlying simplicity Physical and solvent properties

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Final study guide: 1 st midterm Biomolecule diversity and complexity, and underlying simplicity Physical and solvent properties of water Weak acids and bases K eq , K w , pH, pOH, K a , pK a Henderson-Hasselbalch equation Acid/base titration curves Buffers Stereochemistry, especially Fisher Amino acids: structures, names, 3- and 1-letter abbreviations, physical properties, pK a ’s Factors affecting pK a Molecular and solution charge states, isoelectric point Peptide naming Peptide bond, peptide plates, and ψ dihedral angles, Ramachandran plot ϕ Orders of protein structure, interactions important in protein structure Protein sequence similarity Features of secondary structures (α-helix, β-turn, β-sheets), amino acid propensities Protein structure motifs (tertiary structure) Protein denaturation Features of fibrous proteins, structures of collagen and keratin Features of globular proteins Conjugated proteins, carbohydrates, lipids Carbohydrate classification and basic nomenclature Stereochemistry of carbohydrates (incl. anomers, epimers, enantiomers, D/L) Carbohydrate structure (those for quiz, plus NAG; also be familiar with polysaccharides), Carbohydrate chemistry: cyclization, glycosidic bond, reducing vs. non-reducing Structural vs. storage polysaccharides Lipid structures and properties: fatty acids, triacylglycerols, glycerophospholipids, sphingolipids, cholesterol Lipid naming: common (compendium p.46 only), delta and omega naming for fatty acids; basic lipid nomenclature (compendium p.50) Lipid aggregation in solution Features of membrane proteins Structure, features, and dynamics of biological membranes 2 nd midterm: Chapter 6: Enzym 16.1 Introduction to enzymes Introduction to Enzyme Catalysis Kinetics of Enzyme Catalysis
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Linear plots of enzyme knetic date and their interpretation Factors affecting enzyme activiy and effect on inhibirotrs on enzyme kinetics mechanims of enzyme catalysis regulation of enzyme catalysis sigmoidal knietcis myoglobin hemoglobin bioenergetics currencies of energy trasnduction 3 rd Midterm Topics Chapter 15: - Metabolism basics -all synthetic and degraditve reactions occurring in living cell -catabolsim- degradation of biomolecules to get biological intermediates while also extracting energy and reducing power - primarily uses NAD as electron acceptor -anabolism- utilization of energy reuding pweor and small molecules -use products of catabolism for synthesis of biological molecules -biosyntheisis of amino acids, fatty acids, nucleotides -macromolecular syntheis and growth (lipids, membranes, proteins, etc) -meatbolic reaction= enzyme catalyzed organic reactions ( -metabolic pathway characteristics -regulated -each pathway has a 1 st committed step athat is usually high spontaneous, regulated and rate limiting -most have intermediate rnx btwn committed step and final and are usually readily reversible -independent pathways (different set of reactions) for opping pathways allow indepent and coordinated regualtion
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2010 for the course BIOLOGY 1 taught by Professor Juan during the Spring '10 term at University of Jordan.

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Chemstudyguidefinal - Final study guide 1st midterm Biomolecule diversity and complexity and underlying simplicity Physical and solvent properties

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