Ch_17 - COMD 2050 Chapter 17: Language History and Change...

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Unformatted text preview: COMD 2050 Chapter 17: Language History and Change Language history Sir William Jones pioneer in the study of language studied ancient I ndian law written in a language called Sanskrit noticed similarities between the verb forms and grammar of Sanskrit, Greek and Latin History Philology: the study of the history of languages. The name of the mother language = Proto-I ndo-European Proto: original or first form I ndo-European: the source of modern languages in the I ndian sub-continent and in Europe. Language tree All of these languages belong to one family the Proto-I ndo-European. There are about 30 similar language families and a grand total of about 7000 languages being spoken today. Language tree English is in the Germanic family of languages along with German, Dutch, Swedish, etc English and other Germanic languages are fairly closely related to the Celtic languages. Language tree Romance languages Yule calls this family I talic. I ncludes all descendants of Latin: French, Spanish, I talian, Portuguese, and Romanian. Language tree Ancient Greek has only one surviving descendant, Modern Greek, but the Balto-Slavic languages like Russian, Polish, and Czech are somewhat related to Greek. I ndo-I ranian branch includes Hindi (descendant of Languages There are more native speakers of Chinese than any other language about 1 billion, although there are different dialects Mandarin and Cantonese. English is more widely used in different parts of the world than any other language and has about 350 million native speakers. Languages 300 million native speakers of Spanish....
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Ch_17 - COMD 2050 Chapter 17: Language History and Change...

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