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Unformatted text preview: SOCIAL STRAT IF ICAT ION: the ranking of people according to their wealth, prestige, or party position INEQUALITY: more general term, not equal STRATIFICATION: need a group of people, pattern of distribution, ( a classroom full of rich /poor / middle class people ) UNIVERSALITY: every society has inequality, more power, more wealth, more status than others, nature of human society LENSK IS H ISTOR ICAL V IEW critical for inequality in each society: technology, division of labor, surplus H/G (HUNTING AND GATHERING) SOCIETY: moved around, technology=minimal, division of labor=minimal, surplus=minimal HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY: stayed in one place, technology=minimal, division of labor=minimal, surplus=minimal AGRARIAN (AGRICULTURAL) SOCIETY: most unequal, inequality was the worst, learned how to make tools out of iron, technology=minimal, division of labor=first time result of iron tools (plow), owner of land/animals, slaves, surplus=some people became rich due to domesticated animals/surplus of crops INDUSTRIALIZED SOCIETY inequality wasnt too bad, industrial revolution, technology=steam engine, power tools, division of labor=more than before, factory workers,...
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2010 for the course SOCL 2001 taught by Professor Mecom during the Spring '07 term at LSU.
- Spring '07