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VALUES  -ideas and beliefs shared by the people in a society, every society has a value PROVERBS - a penny saved is a penny earned, a squeaky wheel gets the grease (need to get something done) FOLKLORES - “American Dreams” (hard work pays), tells you what’s important in a certain country RITUALS BASIC VALUES - achievement of success, manners NORMS - formal and informal rules of conduct and social expectations for behavior, linked to values but more concrete,  behavior, what we are supposed to do, relative -changes from one place to another (nude beaches, always use your right hand  in India the left hand is dirty, drink soup in japan with your hands not a spoon), proscriptive - don’t cheat, prescriptive - wear  clothes, stay awake in class FOLKWAYS - customary way (standing in line) MORES - taboos  (Hannibal, incest), morality , (you should keep your clothes on) LAWS - punishment if you break certain rules DEVIANT BEHAVIORS - violating norms CULTURAL LAG - material culture comes first, non material culture cant catch up, takes time for non material culture to be  established (text messaging EHTNOCENTRISM - people think that their own culture is superior to others and should be used as the standard which other  cultures are judged, (eskimo-raw meat eater) XENOCENTRISM - people who hate their own culture CULTURAL RELATIVISM - you have to learn how to appreciate other cultures SUBCULTURE - culture within a culture COUNTERCULTURE - against our mean stream culture (terrorists, 1960-1970 teenage culture, mafia) IDIOCULTURE - outsiders usually don’t understand, small scale (dinning table-everyone has their own spot, thanksgiving-  everyone has their own specialty dishes) IDEAL - (speed limit=55 you should go 55, married and happy, lsu student work hard) REAL CULTURAL - go 5 over the speed limit, married people cheat, lsu student fails CULTURAL UNIVERSAL - common in every society (food, shelter, you don’t kill, you don’t steal) INSTITUTIONS - a stable cluster of values, norms, statues, and roles that develops around a basic social need, basic area of  your life (family, politics, economy, education, religion) SOCIAL STRUCTURE - relatively stable patterns of society in which people and groups are related to each other and the  characteristics of groups influencing our behavior (statuses, roles, groups, organizations, institutions)*status and role is in the  link between society and individuals* (newly wed fishing ad-role violation) SOCIAL STATUS - ascribed
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2010 for the course SOCL 2001 taught by Professor Mecom during the Spring '07 term at LSU.

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exam2cheatsheet -...

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