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notes4 - Family*...

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Family 11/13/08 *Family as one of the social institutions What's family? Difficult to define. Family vs. household Nuclear/extended, modified extended fam., extended family and race/ethnicity Family of orientation/procreation Marriage rules: monogamy, serial mono., polygyny, polyandry, group marriage Descent (patri-, matrilineal, bi-lateral) Endogamy/exogamy, arranged/romantic, matrilineal cross-cousin marriage Theories on Family (e.g. How do we explain housework?) *Functionalist view of family: Family is universal -> its five (?) functions: Economic cooperation/support, Socialization, Affection/emotional support, Sexual  regulation, Reproduction/Social placement (fatherhood) Complimentary needs for the division of labor *Conflict perspective: feminist theories, “Gender factory,” housework=resources *Exchange: between difference resources Unequal relationship=power, housework
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Religion 11/25/08-12/2/08 Video  1953 o Baton Rouge first bus boycott Religion defined A social institution that deals with the area of life people believe as sacred. It  consists of peoples beliefs, community of believers, and rituals or ceremonies  Elements of religion o Sacred vs.  profane:  that which belongs to the realm of everyday world,  anything considered mundane and unspiritual  o Belief o Communities o Rituals Theories of Religion     Functionalism Functions  o Purpose of life o Ceremonies o Social cohesion o Control o Change  Dysfunctions  o War Crusaders 
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Religion 11/25/08-12/2/08 o Persecution  KKK Manifest/latent functions of religion o Religion and obedience (conflict perspective) Conflict Legitimization of inequalities Status quo Segregation Types of Religions     Animism, Shamanism, Totemism Animism o Every object, alive or dead, has a spirit in it Shamanism  o
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