sociology notes 2

sociology notes 2 - CultureandSociety Bilingualism...

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Culture and Society 9/18/08-9/25/08 Bilingualism Speaking 2 languages Bi-culturalism Practicing 2 cultures Culture defined Collection of ideas, values, beliefs, knowledge, norms, customs, technology,  etc… of a particular society Cultural elements Material culture o Cajun food o Laptops  Nonmaterial culture o Cajun dance o Music o Language  Symbols and language Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis o Language takes an active part on how we understand the society ************************************************************* Values Ideas and believes shared by the people in a society 
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Every society has a value  Proverbs o A penny saved is a penny earned o A squeaky wheel gets the grease Need to get something done Folklores  o “American Dreams” Hard work pays o Tells you what’s important in a certain country Rituals o Patriotism  Stars and stripes  o Yellow ribbon Support the troops o Funeral  Basic values (p.83) o Achievement of success o Manners Norms Formal and informal rules of conduct and social expectations for behavior Linked to values but more concrete
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Relative  o Changes from one place to another  o Nude beaches  o Left hand is a dirty hand in India, always use your right hand  o Drink soup in Japan, don’t use spoons Behavior, what we are supposed to do Prescriptive  o Wear clothes o Stay awake in class Proscriptive  o Don’t cheat 3 types of norms o Folkways Customary way Standing in line  o Mores  Taboos Hannibal  Incest  Morality You should keep your clothes on
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o Laws Punishment if you break certain rules  Deviant   behaviors o Violating norms o Getting a ticket for not wearing seatbelt  Material culture/technology Artifacts  o What you wear, what you have  Dictated by our environment o Igloo  Cultural lag Material culture comes first, non-material culture cant catch up Takes time for non-material culture to be established o Text messaging We are more ahead of other cultures o Material culture: computer o Non-material culture: porn, spam  Ethnocentrism People think that their own culture is superior to others and should be used as  the standard which other cultures are judged Eskimo (raw meat eater) Raw oysters, crawfish, barbeque
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Xenocentrism People who hate their own culture Cultural relativism  You have to learn how to appreciate other cultures Don’t criticize other cultures for what they are custom to do in their society Cant go as far as violating human rights  Subculture Culture within culture o Teenage culture, LSU culture
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sociology notes 2 - CultureandSociety Bilingualism...

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