chapter 6

chapter 6 - THE MATERIALS OF FASHION Key Concepts The...

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THE MATERIALS OF FASHION
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Chapter 6 Textiles: Fibers and Fabrics Key Concepts The difference between natural fibers and manufactured fibers The major steps in the production of most fabrics The effects of new technology on textiles “Going green” with fibers and fabrics
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From Fiber to Fabric The Fiber Industry Fibers are the smallest element of a fabric that are extremely fine, hair like strands nearly invisible to the human eye. Natural Fibers Manufactured Fibers The Textile Fabric Industry
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Natural Fibers natural fiber – a fiber that appears in nature in a fiber form in which it is used; comes from plant and animal sources; cotton, wool, ramie, silk, flax Cotton Wool Silk Ramie Flax/linen Hemp
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staple fiber a short fiber non-continuous in length; measured in inches cotton wool linen filament fiber – a continuous fiber of indefinite length; measured in yards or miles silk manufactured fibers
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yarn – assemblies of fibers twisted or otherwise held together in a continuous strand thread – a yarn made for the purpose of sewing together garment sections
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weaving – the interlacing of two sets of yarns, vertical and horizontal knitting – the interlooping of either vertical or horizontal sets of yarns
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Manufactured Fibers manufactured fiber- a fiber produced through technology from natural materials or chemical substances; any substance which at any point in the manufacturing process is not a fiber; developed in the 20 th century; rayon, acetate, nylon, polyester, spandex natural polymers regenerated or chemically-modified natural material synthetic polymers – manufactured from chemical substances
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Cellulose – Fibrous substance found in the natural fibers of plants Minimal chemical steps are employed to create cellulose-based fibers such as: Rayon (1910) Acetate (1924)
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Non-Cellulose fibers use petroleum, coal, gas, water, and air to create the fiber These fibers are combined by chemists into polymers such as: Nylon (1938) Acrylic (1950)
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hydrophilic – water/moisture loving hydrophobic – water/moisture hating oleophilic – oil loving oleophobic – oil hating thermoplastic – softens when heated and hardens when cooled
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Generic Names for Manufactured Fibers Federal trade commission assigns generic names, or non-trademarked names to
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2010 for the course HUEC 2045 taught by Professor V during the Spring '06 term at LSU.

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chapter 6 - THE MATERIALS OF FASHION Key Concepts The...

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