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Blacks Gain in education, Occupation, Income Institutional Growth within the black community 9-15-09 International Political Pressures reased Intensity of Supremacist Control Efforts Favorable realignment of Political Forces ollapse of the Cotton Economy Growth of Black Electorate Increased Outmigration of Blacks echanization Of Southern Agriculture Shift of Blacks to Democratic Party hern Urbanization and industrialization SM CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT 9/15- 22/09 I. How does the civil rights movement fit the definition of a SOCIAL MOVEMENT? Percentage of registered voters in the South: 1960: White – 61% Black – 29% 1980: White – 72% Black – 56% 1992: White – 68% Black – 65% In the 1960s, there are twice as many white registered to vote as blacks. A. Cultural Change B. Diffuse Oppositional Politics C. Protest tactics D. Heterogeneity Crossed age, race, and class II. What were the principle objectives of the Civil Rights Movement? A. Predominant pre-1964 movement goal: DESEGREGATION AND VOTING RIGHTS (assimilation) A clear and credible enemy: the South and Jim Crow The goal was to be part of Main-Stream America Integrate education, public accommodations, public transportation, housing About Legal Equality Regional confinement of this movement is important! It made sense though because segregation was so confined to the South
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RIGHTS The enemy: “The system” About Equity of results Taking on Corporate America and the National power structure Health statistics, education statistics were not for blacks what they were for whites III. Who were the leaders and followers of the Civil Rights Movements and what were their organizational bases? A. NAACP: National Association for the Advancement of Colored Peopled Began 1909 (you can tell it’s old because of “colored”) Oldest organization that can be considered grass-roots based and on the side of civil rights Launched a very successful 30 year campaign to prosecute lynchers Supported universal adult male suffrage 1954: Legal defense fund was very involved in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, KA Very serious, committed, legalistic, and pragmatic B. SCLC: Southern Christian Leadership Conference Martin Luther King Jr. was very tightly associated with this organization and its leadership; first president of the conference 1957: MLK Jr. helped organize the SCLC in the midst of a bus system? Nonviolent action Southern back churches Spring 1963: very focused and nonviolent effort to desegregate Birmingham, AL. Successful because of the overreaction of the police force, which was captured on the media. C. SNCC: Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
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