PieperMooney3-09 - Feminist Activism and Womens Rights...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
CENTER FOR THE EDUCATION OF WOMEN, UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN 330 E. LIBERTY ST. ANN ARBOR, MI 48104 734/764‐6005 WWW.CEW.UMICH.EDU Feminist Activism and Women’s Rights Mobilization in the Chilean Círculo de Estudios de la Mujer : Beyond Maternalist Mobilization March, 2009 Jadwiga E. Pieper Mooney, Ph.D. Department of History, University of Arizona Jean Campbell Visiting Scholar, Center for the Education of Women, 2008
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 Abstract This case study of women’s mobilization under authoritarian rule in Chile exposes some of the challenges in the history of women’s definition of a liberation language and of subsequent activist strategies for rights. It adopts a gendered lens to analyze the distinct contributions Chilean women have made in defense of human rights as they helped shape a new human rights practice in Chile. Examining a pioneering women’s organization under the Pinochet Dictatorship (1973-1989), the Círculo de Estudios de La Mujer (Women's Studies Circle), it shows how women redefined their responsibilities and rights when the regime prohibited previous patterns of political participation. Circulo activists built new foundations for a mobilization in favor of “mothers’ rights,” connected to traditional gender-based responsibilities and family life. They helped lay the foundation for new paradigms of women’s political participation and quest for citizenship rights when male breadwinners were absent or silenced by the military: they linked “mothers’ rights” to women’s rights and to women’s individual claims to civil liberties.** Introduction In 1979, hidden in plain sight at the Academia de Humanismo Cristiano (Academy of Christian Humanism) in the midst of the terror of military dictatorship, a small group of Santiago feminists decided to use their political connections and friendships to announce a meeting “to discuss the situation of women in Chile.” 1 These women were the founding members of the Círculo de Estudios de La Mujer (Women's Studies Circle), 2 a group committed to collective learning, to promoting self-awareness, and to challenging the authoritarian society in which they lived. Despite the difficulties of mobilizing under harsh military rule and the climate of violence that pervaded every aspect of Chilean life, attendance at the first Círculo meeting exceeded all expectations: approximately three hundred women answered the call. 3 Braving streets still far from peaceful, they came from different Santiago neighborhoods and from diverse class backgrounds. They consequently contributed a wide range of educational and personal
Image of page 2
2 experiences to the endeavor. As meeting participants shared their knowledge in the safe-haven of the Academy, they initiated a new stage in the discourse and practice of women’s rights in Chile.
Image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern