ch 28 - Chapter 28 Change Analysis Sheet Group Number 4...

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Chapter 28 Change Analysis Sheet Group Number 4, Period 1 Salerno Celeste Morales: Important People, Military/Technology, and Social Lily Soto: Significant Events and 5 Key Ideas Ronald Vasquez: Geography, Demography, and Religion Arleth Avila: Political and Economic Time Period 1914 - Present
Significant Events 1870-1890: cycle of economic depressions in Europe and the United States 1890: End of the Three Emperors’ alliance (Russia, Austria-Hungary, and Germany) 1894: Franco-Russian alliance 1899-1901: Anglo-Boer war in South Africa 1904-1905: Japanese victory over Russia 1906: Denshawai incident in Egypt 1909: Morley-Minto reforms in India 1910: Union of South Africa formed 1914-1918: World War I 1916: Beginning of Arab revolt against Ottoman Empire 1917: Russian Revolution 1917: United States enters world war I 1918: Treaty of Brest-Litovsk; Russia withdraws from war 1919: Treaty of Versailles; League of Nations established 1919: Gandhi leads first nonviolent protest movements in India; revolt in Egypt; Rowlatt Act in India 1923: Treaty of Lausanne recognizes independence of Turkey. Political Germany’s growing economic and military power spurred change amongst the European nations. Autocratic Russia fear’s Germany’s role, leading to the formation of the Triple Entente Alliance. Republic France joins to recover lost provinces and democratic Britain want to surpass Germany’s economy and navy. Central Power Alliance forms amongst Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy. Germany attracts Italy by promising support for colonial expansion, but due to hostility toward Austria-Hungary over lands, in 1915- Italy joins Triple Entente. Imperial rivalries arose hostility amongst the alliance system. In the 1900s, tensions in the European diplomatic system due to scrambles for remaining areas. Germany threatened war in response to French advances at annexing Morocco, until France brought Germany’s central African possessions. Germany’s navy threatened Britain’s navy control and lead to military cooperation in alliance. Leaders appealed labor peace to aid national unity. Military buildup provided employment and huge profits. Leaders and business class used diplomatic success to distract subjects from internal problems. Tensions, rivalries and ethnic were centered in Balkans and mirrored European crisis. In 1914, Archduke Ferdinand (Austrian- Hungarian heir) was assassinated by Serbian nationalist Gavriel Princip. With German support, the Austria- Hungary intended to end Serbian challenges and demanded them to surrender nation’s sovereignty. While Russia backed up Serbia and lead to outbreak of war when armies were mobilized in 1914. German faced combat on two sides and devised plan to confront France and later
confront the slower Russian forces and planned to invade Belgium. Britain entered conflict to defend Belgium and transformed in into a global conflict (due to Britain’s naval ally Japan & territories in Canada, Australia, New Zealand, India, Africa and southeast Asia).

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