ch33 - Chapter 33 Change Analysis Sheet Group Number 4...

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Chapter 33Change Analysis SheetGroup Number 4, Period 1 SalernoCeleste Morales:Political, Social and Important PeopleLily Soto:Demographic and 5 Key IdeasRonald Vasquez:significant events, geography,religious Arleth Avila: Economic and MilitaryTime Period1912-1994 C.E.
Significant Events1912-African national Congress party formed1919-first pan African national Congress1928-founding of the Muslim brotherhood in Egypt1930s-free officer movement developed in Egypt1947-Indian Pakistan achieve independence1948-first Arab Israel war1949-Hassan al-Banna assassinated in Egypt1951- india’s first five-year plan for economic development launched1952- forouk and khedival regime overthrown in Egypt ; nasser and free officers come to power1955-bandung conference1956-aborted British French Israel intervention in suez 1958- South Africa completely independent of Great Britain1960-Scharpeville shootings in South Africa1966-Nkrumah overthrown by military coop1966-1970- baifran and secessionist war in Nigeria1967- six day war between Israel and arab nations1970s-Peak period For OPEC cartel1971-Bangladesh revolt against west Pakistan1972-Bangladesh become independent nation1973-third arab Israel war1979-Shah of Iran overthrown1980-1988- Iran Iraq war1989-De Klerk harts path of peaceful reform in South Africa 1990-Nelson Mandela released from south African prison1991-Persian Gulf war1994-first democratic elections in South AfricaPoliticalIran faced a western backed governmentDictatorial regime
A failure at land reformStrict Islamic legal codes and punishmentsEscaped colonial domination, but brief foreign interventionMuhammad Keza establish an absolutist monarchyAgatollah carried out Shia RevolutionReligious purificationMalid aimed to end western influenceSaddam Hussein seized, Irag defeatedNo regime lead to open electionsSouth AfricaBlacks not allowed to voteWhite supremacy SegregationPunishmentsDominance of whites1989 - IndependenceAfrikaners solidified control under nationalist partyEstablished system of apartheidWhite major gain monopoly of power and segregationsF.W. de Klerk begin apartheid systemNelson Mandela freed and became 1st South African Black PresidentGhanaNkromah initiated social refrm and programsChallenged by Western nations and political partiesSupported by Soviet and connected to communist partyDespose by military coupNkrumah established dictatorial ruleShift toward military leaderEgypt faced corrupt politiciansMilitary regimes, repression and monopoly of forfceGamal Abdul Nasser took power after coup(radical reforms)Military led by Free Officer Movements + Muslim Brotherhood Nasser established dictorial power State sponsored reform Anwar Sadat private initiatives and U.S.investment reversed Nassar policiesIndia had a maintenance of civilian rule as well as corrrupt politicians Maintain civilian funliike EgyptBetter communication system and bureacratic grid

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