Satzinger_Ch03 - 3 Chapter 3 The Analyst as a Project...

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3 Chapter 3 The Analyst as a Project Manager Systems Analysis and Design in a Changing World, 5th Edition
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3 Learning Objectives Explain the elements of project management and the responsibilities of a project manager Explain project initiation and the activities in the project planning phase of the SDLC Describe how the scope of the new system is determined Develop a project schedule using Gantt charts Develop a cost/benefit analysis and assess the feasibility of a proposed project Discuss how to staff and launch a project 2
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3 Overview Fundamental principles of project management Role of project manager Project management as part of the SDLC Project management knowledge areas How information system projects initiated RMO project initiation The project planning activities within the SDLC Planning the problem needing an IS solution Developing a project schedule Confirming project feasibility Staffing and Launching a project Project planning at RMO 3
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3 Project Success Factors Project management important for success of system development project 2000 Standish Group Study Only 28% of system development projects successful 72% of projects canceled, completed late, completed over budget, and/or limited in functionality Thus, project requires careful planning, control, and execution 4
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3 Reasons for Project Failure Incomplete or changing requirements Limited user involvement Lack of executive support Lack of technical support Poor project planning Unclear objectives Lack of required resources 5
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3 Reasons for Project Success Clear system requirement definitions Substantial user involvement Support from upper management Thorough and detailed project plans Realistic work schedules and milestones 6
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3 Role of the Project Manager Project management – organizing and directing people to achieve a planned result within budget and on schedule Success or failure of project depends on skills of the project manager Beginning of project – plan and organize During project – monitor and control Responsibilities are both internal and external 7
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3 Internal Responsibilities Identify project tasks and build a work breakdown structure Develop the project schedule Recruit and train team members Assign team members to tasks Coordinate activities of team members and subteams Assess project risks Monitor and control project deliverables and milestones Verify the quality of project deliverables 8
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3 External Responsibilities Report the project’s status and progress Establish good working relationships with those who identify the needed system requirements The people who will use the system Work directly with the client (the project’s sponsor) and other stakeholders Identify resource needs and obtain resources 9
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3 Participants in a System Development Project D 10 Figure 3-1
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3 Various Titles/Roles of Project Managers V 11 Figure 3-2
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