Global Stratification

Global Stratification - 02/23/10 Global Stratification SOC...

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Unformatted text preview: 02/23/10 Global Stratification SOC 120 Introductory Sociology Grossmont College 02/23/10 Global Stratification System of inequalities in terms of wealth and power between the countries of the world. 1 Theories of Global Stratification Modernization Dependency World Systems Modernization Theory The entire world was poor just two centuries ago. The Industrial Revolution brought affluence to high income countries. 2 Modernization Theory Industrialization can transform all poor societies. Market-oriented theory. Characteristics of poor societies which cause their poverty: lack of industrial technology. traditional culture. rapid population growth. Modernization: Traditional Cultures Attitudes and values stressing the past and the importance of tradition and religion Fatalism: religions that emphasize that human suffering can only be changed in the afterlife Immediate gratification or the inability to plan for the future Irrationality or the rejection of science Poor work ethic and work habits Walt W. Rostow - Stages of Modernization Traditional Stage. Take-Off Stage. Drive to Technological Maturity. High Mass Consumption. 4 Modernization Theory: Solutions to Global Poverty Modern countries can help by providing: population growth control. Foreign aid. investing in poor countries 5 Modernization Theory: Solutions Export oriented economies Export processing zones Free trade agreements Family Planning The role of government is to attract and protect private investment Dependency Theory Colonialism has made...
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This note was uploaded on 02/22/2010 for the course SOCIOLOGY 120 taught by Professor Card during the Spring '10 term at Grossmont.

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Global Stratification - 02/23/10 Global Stratification SOC...

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