ch_6_Op_Cond_10_02_09

ch_6_Op_Cond_10_02_09 - Chapter 6: Learning Behaviorism...

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Chapter 6: Learning
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Behaviorism Study only observable, measurable behaviors—not mental processes Radical behaviorists deny all internal states Cause of any behavior is an observable event
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Classical Conditioning Pavlov
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I. Operant Conditioning The process of changing behavior by providing a reinforcement or punishment Thorndike Law of effect Skinner Skinner boxes Shaping behavior and successive approximations Chaining behavior
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Operant Conditioning (cont.) Reinforcements increase the future probability of a behavior Primary and secondary reinforcers Punishments decrease the probability of a behavior Example, spanking
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Categories of Reinforcement and Punishment Negative: the absence of something Positive: the presentation of something Negative reinforcement Avoidance learning: outcome is prevented Escape learning: stops an outcome that has already started Positive reinforcement Negative punishment Omission training: omission of behavior leads to restoration of
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This note was uploaded on 02/22/2010 for the course PSY 22518 taught by Professor Dr.chrismayhorn during the Fall '09 term at N.C. State.

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ch_6_Op_Cond_10_02_09 - Chapter 6: Learning Behaviorism...

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