NS 115 - Lecture 9

NS 115 - Lecture 9 - Lecture 9 Diabetes September 19, 2008...

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September 19, 2008 Effect of Insulin in Liver o Transport of glucose not insulin dependent Like neural tissue o Stimulates synthesis of glycogen o Stimulates triglyceride synthesis o Stops the synthesis of glucose (gluconeogenesis) If not then blood glucose stays high Blood Glucose o First rises after you eat, and stimulates insulin release o Blood glucose comes back down. o Diabetes Characterized by the inactivity of insulin mechanism The glucose curve shows that blood glucose when you wake up in the morning the blood glucose is higher (about 100 mg/100mL) Higher peaks Testing the glucose response Overnight fasting Drink a liter of glucose o This tracks your glucose over time Trends in diabetes Increased for 45 – 65 yr olds Increased for 65 – 74 yr olds Diabetes costs lost of money Gender o Increased for females, but not as much as males o This has to do with where we store our fat. Races o Caucasians increased with age o Blacks and Hispanics has significantly increased compared to Caucasians o Has to do with SES o Asians Relationship between body weight and diabetes Diabetes expresses itself at lower body weight They show the same signs of diabetes at
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This note was uploaded on 02/22/2010 for the course NS 1150 taught by Professor Levitsky during the Fall '05 term at Cornell.

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NS 115 - Lecture 9 - Lecture 9 Diabetes September 19, 2008...

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