SOC152A REVIEW2

SOC152A REVIEW2 - SOC152AREVIEW#2 06/02/200916:59:00...

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SOC152A REVIEW #2 06/02/2009 16:59:00 CHAPTER 15: SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES There are several ways to reduce the likelihood of STD Transmission 1. Abstinence prevents STDs a. Also provides complete protection against pregnancy b. focus on nonphysical and nonsexual aspects of life/relationships 2. Sexually active people can reduce their risk of STDs by their choice of partner a. partners should discuss sexual history b. visually inspect partner – with attention to genitals 3. Some sexual behaviors are riskier than others for STD transmission a. coitus, anal sex, and analingus – high risk sexual behaviors b. oral sex – moderate risk behavior c. kissing, fondling, hand-genital/body contact – low risk 4. The proper use of condoms is the key to STD prevention a. natural tissue (lambskin condoms) do not provide adequate STD protection – have pores that viruses can pass through b. anal sex places greater demands on condoms – use extra strength condoms c. female condoms are as effective as male condoms – although not widely used NOT EVERYTHING IS AN STD 1. HIV is uncommon among college students and very uncommon among heterosexual students 2. Students often mistake other medical conditions for STD (see pg. 497 for examples of NON-STDs) a. pearly penile papules (see lectures notes)
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b. canker sores 3. When in doubt – GET IT CHECKED OUT CHAPTER 16 – SEXUAL ASSAULT, HARRASSMENT, AND PARTNER VIOLENCE What is rape? 1. Rape: Coitus (and sometimes other penetrative acts) accomplished by force or threat of force (definitions vary) 2. Sexual Assault: any sexual act performed by force or threat of force 3. Statutory Rape: penetrative sex when a partner is legally unable to give consent on account of young age, intellectual disability or unconsciousness 4. Young women are the most frequent victims of rape there has been a decline of rape incidents 5. Most rapes are not reported Only abuse 1/3 of rapes attempted rapes are reported to law enforcements Reasons include: it was a personal matter, afraid of reprisals, protect perpetrator, biased police 6. Most perpetrators are men known to the victim More than 2 out of 3 perpetrators are known to the victim; majority are friends or acquaintances College Rapes are common 1. F student has 20% to 25% chance of experiencing a completed or attempted rape (in the course of a 5 year college career) 2. Date rape – rape between dating or socially acquainted couples (a.k.a. acquaintance rape) 3. Should sexual assault accusations be dealt with by college disciplinary procedures (in which case suspension or expulsion is most severe punishment) or law enforcement officials (processed through regular judicial system) 4. The #1 “date rape drug” is alcohol (whether consumed by rapist or victim) a. Many other “date rape drugs” out there (i.e. Rophynol, “K”, etc.)
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Rape can have sever effects on the victim 1. Services are available for rape victims a. getting medical attention
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SOC152A REVIEW2 - SOC152AREVIEW#2 06/02/200916:59:00...

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