final study guide

final study guide - Chapter 2 Womens Bodies Vulva 1. entire...

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Chapter 2 – Women’s Bodies Vulva 1. entire external genital area in a woman 2. (see fig. 2.1 on pg. 26) Mons Veneris 1. often referred to as MONS 2. Fatty tissue covered by skin and pubic hair (see book for more info about pubic hair on pg. 27) 3. Can be sexually stimulated – has many nerve endings Labia Majora 1. Also called OUTER LIPS 2. Extends from mons downward on either side of vulva 3. Padded with fatty tissue – partially covered with hair 4. Contains nerve endings – erotically sensitive Labia Minora 1. Also called INNER LIPS 2. Lie between labia majora – made of hairless skin 3. Filled with blood vessels/nerve endings – very erotically sensitive 4. During arousal swell and darken due to VASOCONGESTION 5. Labia minora meet at the front to form the clitoral hood 6. Space between the left and right labia minora = vestibule Important Structures in THE VESTIBULE: clitoris, the urethral opening and the vaginal opening): Clitoris 1. Area in which the inner lips meet
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2. Made up of spongy tissue – has internal and external portions: a. GLANS – small/sensitive, pearl sized knob at front of vestibule whose nerves produce sexual arousal – visible portion b. SHAFT – 1 inch length – runs upward from glans, under the clitoral hood 3. Both glans/shaft = erectile and have two cavernous bodies and a spongy body that fill with blood (just like penis) 4. Continual, proper stimulation will produce orgasm *Crura 1. Internal extensions of clitoris ( give entire structure a wishbone type shape) 2. About 3 inches long – enwrap portion of 3. URTETHRA/URETHRAL OPENING – area where urine is discharged out of bladder Vestibular Bulbs 1. Internal portions of the clitoris 2. Curved erectile tissue that surround vestibule and underline labia minora 3. Become erect during sexual arousal – help lengthen/stiffen the vagina Vaginal Opening 1. Also called INTROITUS – rear of vestibule 2. Entrance to the vagina Hymen 1. Incomplete/perforated membrane that covers vaginal opening 2. May have many different appearances (fig. 2.5 on pg. 30) 3. No known physiological function – but may have cultural significance (often tied to female virginity) 4. Can still be present after the loss of virginity Perineum 1. erotically sensitive area between vaginal opening and anus – hairless 2. Area cut during an episiotomy
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Pelvic Floor Muscles 1. Muscles that underlie/ supports pelvic organs 2. Contraction of these muscles stiffens vaginal walls during sex 3. Contract stronger at orgasm to increase pleasure, prevent urinary/fecal leakage, help keep semen in vagina 4. PC (or pubococcygeus) muscle = key pelvic floor muscle 5. KEGEL exercises increase tone of these muscles FEMALE CIRCUMCISION/GEINTAL MUTILATION: READ BOX 2.1 (pg. 31) 1. SUNNAH – removal/incision of the clitoral hood (closely analogous of male circumcision_ 2. CLITORIDECTOMY – also called excision. Entire clitoral glans/shaft are removed, along with hood
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final study guide - Chapter 2 Womens Bodies Vulva 1. entire...

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