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Unformatted text preview: Final Review 16/03/2009 20:54:00 ← The Final Review • Test Breakdown: o 2 hour exam o usually has equal weight on all parts of the class o major issues/topics not covered on midterms are likely to be candidates for final test questions o Is not much more difficult than the midterms – except that there are more questions o Final exam is out of 60 points (it’s a double test) 10 possible essay questions – answer 8 out of 10 12 multiple choice – ANSWER ALL! o Covers readings from all 10 weeks o Remember to list/bullet point whenever possible o NO re-grades on final exam – but please write in blue or black ink ← Chapter 12 – Sexual Orientation ← There is a spectrum of sexual orientations 1. Sexual orientation – the direction of P’s sexual feelings toward persons of the same sex, the other sex or both sexes 2. Alfred Kinsey’s seven point scale of sexual orientation a . Ranges from group 0 (exclusively attracted to the opposite sex) to group 6 (exclusively attracted to the same sex) ← Sexual Orientation is Not an Isolate Trait 1. Not all gay M are “effeminate” and not all lesbians are “mannish” – these are stereotypes! 2. But, gay people, on avg., do differ from straight people of the same sex in a number of gender-related traits. For example… a. In childhood (gay M engage in less rough-and tumble play, aggressive behavior, athletics; in gay W, the opposite is true) b. For more examples; see pages 373-376 ← Diverse Theories Attempt to Explain Sexual Orientation 1. Psychodynamic theories (in terms of internal mental processes) vs. biological theories (in terms of phenomena, such as hormones, genes, etc.) 2. Freud Theories a. Thought that the “normal” development process could be disrupted by abnormal relationships within the family -> certain phenomena could block “normal” development, and child could remain stuck in early homosexual phase b. Could traumatize parents of homosexuals, by making them feel responsible 3. Sexual orientation as an attribution of socialization a. As a result of molestation during childhood, from rape or other early sexual experiences b. No positive evidence for a parental influence 4. Biological theories focus on prenatal hormones and genes a. See Simon LeVay’s guest lecture notes – PTQ!!!! b. Prenatal hormonal hypothesis: leading theory proposes that sexual orientation reflects sexual differentiation of the brain under the influence of prenatal sex hormones i. Everything depends on androgen levels during a sensitive period of prenatal development (fetuses exposed to high levels of androgens will be sexually attracted to W and vice versa) ii. Has a solid basis in animal research c. Read pages 378-380, ESPECIALLY if you did not attend the guest lecture ← The Gay Community has Struggled for Equal Rights 1. Gay rights movement began in Germany (Scientific Humanitarian Committee) a. “Stonewall Rebellion” – often viewed as the starting point of the modern gay rights movement...
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2010 for the course SOCIOLOGY 152A taught by Professor Baldwin during the Winter '09 term at UCSB.
- Winter '09