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Unformatted text preview: Global Flashpoints ← Defining Terms: History • History=not a record of what happened • No body ever knows what happened • History=record of what we remember , guess , speculate , deduce , or imagine happened • Memory, guess, imaginations based on available evidence • Need selective principles to decide what, in the available evidence is important , real , true , influential ← 5 selective principles • conceptualization : what history includes + excludes o what doesn’t it include? History didn’t include women • Causation : how history develops, proceeds • Periodization : how history organized, told o How does life happen? In days, months, decades ? • Impacts : what difference history makes, consequences intended and unintended • Trajectories : where history going, taking us, creating ← History as construction • History is a construct of the human mind o Takes form of a narrative or story designed to make sense (meaning + import) out of the past ← History’s explanatory power lies principle in two things • how well its narrative forms lends order, form, coherence to what is otherwise a disparate, disorganized, unrelated groups of facts ← Why history needed? • Past influences the present • The past that the present, in it’s efforts to define itself needs for its own narrativation • We well stories out of the present in order to fill in the past elements for the employment of what, in effect, is meaningful future • History is a construction, a construction we need ← Culture defined • Culture is an imaginative universe • Composed of webs or systems of felt meaning • In which we are suspended • And by which we make sense of and thus interpret • Emotionally , and conceptually • Everything: experiences, people, practices, ideas, goods, dreams, feelings, beliefs, smells, sights, tastes • By converting these things (everything) into something readable, legible intelligible, comprehensible ← Why we need culture? • Human beings seem to suffer from a genetic deficiency • Other animals are equipped with all the info they need t interact successfully with the outside world • Human beings to survive their own contacts with the world, need additional sources of info and the proper motivation • What cultural systems provide: o Models, blueprints, schemes, maps of the world o Prompts, motivation, technique of how to act in it to be operationally effective ← How culture works • Culture works as a kind of info/interpretive system(s) • Socially transmitted • Intra-generationally produced • About how to live, evaluate, act effectively in one’s environment, however defined ←...
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