Kahlppt - Woodrow Wilson Center Washington, DC 2 May 2006...

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    QuickTimeª and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTimeª and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Woodrow Wilson Center Washington, DC 2 May 2006
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    Civil Strife: The Biggest Challenge to Civil Strife: The Biggest Challenge to International Security International Security Three quarters of all wars since 1945 have been within countries. The number of wars has declined in recent years, but they are still a significant challenge to human security and development in many regions. As many people have been killed since 1980 by civil wars as died in World War I. Regional and global effects: Neighborhood effects: refugees, disease, economic dislocations. Global effects: pandemics, terrorism, organized crime, drug trafficking.
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    The Causes of Civil Strife The Causes of Civil Strife There is no single cause of civil strife. Studies have found correlations with demographic and environmental factors, suggesting that they are among the many causes of violent internal conflict. These factors include: Population size Population density Infant mortality Early stage of the “demographic transition” (measured in high births + high deaths) Youth bulge (large numbers of people between 15 and 24) Rapid rates of urbanization Scarcity of cropland and freshwater per capita (in the 1990s) Dependence on natural resource exports
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    Relevance Outside the Ivory Tower Relevance Outside the Ivory Tower “Sustainable development is a compelling moral and humanitarian Sustainable development is a compelling moral and humanitarian issue. But sustainable development is also a security imperative. issue. But sustainable development is also a security imperative. Poverty, destruction of the environment and despair are destroyers Poverty, destruction of the environment and despair are destroyers of people, of societies, of nations, a cause of instability as an unholy of people, of societies, of nations, a cause of instability as an unholy trinity than can destabilize countries and destabilize entire regions.” trinity than can destabilize countries and destabilize entire regions.” Secretary of State Colin Powell, July 2002 Secretary of State Colin Powell, July 2002 “Globalization has exposed us to new challenges and changed the Globalization has exposed us to new challenges and changed the way old challenges touch our interests and values, while also greatly way old challenges touch our interests and values, while also greatly enhancing our capacity to respond. Examples include:
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Kahlppt - Woodrow Wilson Center Washington, DC 2 May 2006...

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