SSCI 300_Week One Class One_Fall 2008_note version

SSCI 300_Week One Class One_Fall 2008_note version - SSCI...

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Unformatted text preview: SSCI 300 Non-Western World Fall 2008 Kevin E. Grisham, ABD College of Social & Behavioral Sciences California State Univ., San Bernardino Points To Be Covered Introduction to Class Introduction Overview of Course Overview • Requirements & Guidelines • Overview of the Writing Assignment What is the Non-Western World? What Why Do We Study the NonWhy Western World? 1 Introduction to the Class Course Description Course • The study of nonwestern societies (multiple perspectives) Main regional focus Main • Middle East, Africa, Asia, and Latin America • Comparison to the “Western world” world” Basic Information on the Class Meet every Tuesday & Meet Thursday • Exception: December 8, 2008 Meeting (Monday) 12 PM – 1:50 PM 12 College of Education, College Room 110 Instructor: Kevin E. Instructor: Grisham Office Hours: TR (2 PM to Office 4 PM) • Office Location: TBA 2 Basic Information on the Class (con’t.) Basic Required Texts: Required • Richard J. Payne and Jamal R. Nassar, Politics Nassar, Politics and Cultures in the Developing World: The Impact of Globalization, Third Edition; ISBNISBN13:978-0-205-55057-9; (available at the 13:978- 205- 55057University Bookstore). • Colin H. Kahl, States, Scarcity, and Civil Strife Kahl, States, in the Developing World; ISBN-13: 978-0-691ISBN978- 69112406-3; (available at the University 12406Bookstore) Basic Information on the Class (con’t.) Grading Grading • Every assignment is out of 100 points • Weighted Grading System Class Participation Class (10%) Midterm Exam Midterm (20%) Critical Book Review Critical (30%) Final Exam Final (40%) • Grading Scale (see syllabus) 3 Basic Information on the Class (con’t.) Attendance Policy Attendance • No points for physically attending class. • Participation Grade Active versus Passive Participation Active Dropping or Adding the Class Dropping • Students may withdraw from class via MyCoyote up to Census, October 1, 2008 • After October 1, students will receive a “W” for approved drops. Basic Information on the Class (con’t.) Basic Academic Academic Dishonesty • Issue of plagiarism and cheating Academic Academic Accommodations • See the instructor and contact Services to Students with Disabilities at: (909) 537-5238 4 Topics of Focus for Class Overview of the Non-Western World Overview Nationalism Nationalism • Multiple Layers of Identity • Guest Lecture: Mr. Thomas Doyle, UCR Colonialism & Its Impact on the NonColonialism Western World What Is Thing We Call What “Globalization?” Topics of Focus for Class (con’t.) The Gap Between the “Haves” & the The “Haves Not” Connection Between Poverty & Connection Conflict Development: What Is It & Is It the Development: Solution? MIDTERM (October 30) MIDTERM 5 Topics of Focus for Class (con’t.) Leadership and Governance in the NonLeadership Western World • Non-Democratic vs Democratic Systems The Role of Regulation & Corruption in the The Non-Western World The Role of Religion in the Non-Western The World Ethnic Conflict Ethnic The Role of Women in the Non-Western World The FINAL EXAM (DECEMBER 9; 12 PM to FINAL 1:50 PM) Participation & the Use of the Media You are graded on your You participation in this class, not physical attendance. • Passive versus Active Participation Questions concerning Questions the material Comments concerning Comments the material (the issue of subjectivity) Current events & its Current connection to class participation 6 Writing Assignment (Critical Book Review) Tool for Reviewing Large Tool Amounts of Information • Very useful in grad school Formatting Formatting • 5 to 7 pages • Double-spaced Double• Times New Roman • 12 font Substance Substance • See questions on syllabus Will be reading it for Will assignment & to be discussed in class Paper is Due: Paper • 2 December (Tuesday), no later no than 12:35 PM Modes of Analysis Descriptive Descriptive • “Just the facts & nothing but the facts…” Explanatory Explanatory • Make the connection between facts Prescription Prescription • Can be recommendations Normative Normative • “Feel” & personal pronouns 7 What We Are Studying & Why Are We Studying It? What Do We Mean by “Non-Western World?” • Non-Western World – Any area not considered part of the “West” – Western world, the West, or Occident (Latin: occidens – West) – What does this include today? • Definable Characteristics??? 8 Characteristics of the Non-Western World • Economic Characteristics – Does poor equal non-western world? – Example: Qatar GDP per capita: $80,900 vs. $45,800 (U.S.) • Distribution of Wealth – Does large gap between rich & poor define non-western world? – 51.3 Gini (Argentina) vs 40.8 Gini (U.S.) 9 Characteristics of the Non-Western World • Type of Government – Democracy or Not Define You as a Part of the NonWestern World? – Example: India (One of the largest democracies in the world) • Education – Are only the illiterate part of the non-Western world? – Example: Mexico (91% literacy levels) • Colonial Powers versus Colonies – Is the non-Western world defined by its history? 10 The Non-Western World?? • Substitutions – “The South” – “The Developing South” – “Developing World” – “The First, Second, & Third World” • Can you possibly have a developing community in the Western world? – Subnational Studies Non-Western for this Class • Substitute Term from Textbook: – The Developing World • Focus on Africa, Asia, the Middle East, & Latin America – Two-thirds of the world – 80% of the world’s population • Variety of government forms, languages, historical developments, ethnicities, & religions • Generally, the least understood areas of the world 11 Basic Terms for the Class State, Nation, Government, & Politics • POLITICS – Harold Laswell’s definition • Who gets what, when and how – Richard Payne & Jamal Nassar’s definition • “The means by which a society organizes its affairs.” – The Nexus Between The Two Definitions 12 State, Nation, Government, & Politics (con’t.) • NATION – A community of people who have a shared language, religion, histories, and/other cultural aspects which bonds them together • “Imagined Communities” (Benedict Anderson) • Social construction which bonds people together Commonwealth of Nations – Heterogeneous vs Homogeneous States State, Nation, Government, & Politics (con’t.) • STATE – “States are the basic units of world society” – Requirements in international law • Population of people living within territorial boundaries • Government – particularly, a central juridical authority • Recognition by other states and/or international organizations – “Stateless” Peoples 13 State, Nation, Government, & Politics • GOVERNMENT – “Institutions & processes employed by societies to organize their affairs.” – Forms of governments • Power by One • Power by a Few • Power by Many Power by One • Government rules by a hereditary monarch (single leader) • Types of Monarchies – Limited monarchy: Monarch only has ceremonial powers (Japan & the United Kingdom) – Constitutional monarchy: Monarch has only those powers outlined in the constitution (Malaysia & Thailand) • Most have parliament systems – Absolute monarchy: Monarch has absolute power (Saudi Arabia & Brunei) • Consultation in Saudi Arabia (Majlis al-Shura) 14 Power by a Few • Government rules by a nonhereditary single leader or a limited group – Dictatorship • Rule by a single ruler who is not a monarch • Example: Augustus Pinochet & Chile – Oligarchy • Rule by a limited few • Example: State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) & Myanmar Monks protesting in Myanmar Rule by the Many • Government rules by majority – Representative Democracy • Individuals are elected to represent the populous • Example: India, Georgia, & South Africa – Centralized vs. Decentralized Distribution of Power 15 Overview of the Non-Western World Latin America • Politically contains thirteen countries – Including the islands between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean – Includes Mexico • Very diverse (Indigenous, Mestizos, Spanish ancestry & African ancestry) • 90% of the population in Latin America is Catholic. – Many other religious minorities exist in the region. 16 Africa • Politically contains 61 territories (53 countries) – Divided into two major areas • North Africa • Sub-Saharan Africa • More than a thousands languages, many religious & ethnic groups – Vertical & Horizontal Diversity 17 Asia • Politically contains 37 countries – Contains 3/5ths of the world’s population • Diversity of cultures, religions, & languages – Includes Russian, Chinese, Japanese, & Hindi • Beginnings of civilization • Foundations for some technology – Paper 18 Middle East • What is the “Middle East?” – Eurocentric Term – Other terms: the Orient, Near East, Nearer East, & Southwest Asia • Politically contains approximately 15 countries – Issue of Palestine • Birthplace of the world’s three monotheistic religions – Judaism, Christianity & Islam 19 Next Time in Class • Nationalism: An Overview • Multiple Layers of Identity • Guest Lecture: Mr. Thomas Doyle, UCR • Discuss current events 20 ...
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