SSCI 300_Week Two Class Three_Fall 2008_note version

SSCI 300_Week Two Class Three_Fall 2008_note version - SSCI...

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Unformatted text preview: SSCI 300 Non-Western World Fall 2008 Kevin E. Grisham, ABD College of Social & Behavioral Sciences California State Univ., San Bernardino Points to Be Covered What is “Colonialism?” What Nationalism & Its Connection to Nationalism Colonialism Effects of Colonialism on the Effects Developing World National Liberation Movements – National What are They & How Did They Develop? The Struggles Today – A New Type The of Conflict 1 What is Colonialism? “A country’s control of country’ areas outside of its territory.” (71) territory.” • Colonialism of the past Example: India & Example: the U.K. • Colonialism of today (Neocolonialism) Example: French Example: involvement in some African countries (Françafrique) Franç afrique) British & U.S. soldiers in Sierra Leone Who Has Been Involved in Colonialism? Who has not been Who involved in colonialism?!? Empires created Empires through colonialism • Examples: British Empire British French Empire French Ottoman Empire Ottoman Russian Empire Russian Dutch Empire Dutch Japanese Empire Japanese American Empire American 2 THE BRITISH EMPIRE FRENCH EMPIRE 3 RUSSIAN EMPIRE IN 1914 4 DUTCH EMPIRE JAPANESE EMPIRE IN 1931 5 What is the Connections Between Nationalism & Colonialism? Nationalism and the Expansion of an Empire Nationalism • Nationalistic Behavior & Economic Interest Colonialism Colonialism Neocolonialism & Interdependency Theory Neocolonialism • Poor Periphery Countries Support the Rich Center • Raw Goods from the Edges Feed the Rich Center • Goods could be materials or human beings. 6 Effects of Colonialism in the Developing World Positive Effects Positive • Educational advancements Incorporation vs. Incorporation Assimilation • Health Care • Transportation Negative Effects Negative • Geographical boundaries • Placing minorities in control of the government Colonialism, Nationalism, & Independence Colonialism lead to a Colonialism growth of nationalism among different nations. • Nations wanting their own independence or autonomy Violent means Violent Non-violent Non means 7 Example of Independence Caused by Colonialism in the Developing World India India • Early days Portuguese trading Portuguese posts Queen Elizabeth, the Queen British Empire, & the East India Company (1600) • Security forces arrive in 1760 • British law (1773 & 1858) • India, raw good, & the British Empire Example of Independence Caused by Colonialism in the Developing World (con’t) India (con’t.) India (con’ • Growing unrest & then Mutiny of 1857 • Indian nationalist groups grow Congress Party Congress Muslim League Muslim • Mohandas Gandhi Nonviolent civil Nonviolent disobedience (Satyagraha) • Loom & Clothing • Salt March • Indian Independence (1947) 8 Example of Independence Caused by Colonialism in the Developing World (con’t) Mozambique Mozambique • Early Days Explored by Vasco da Explored Gama (1498) Portuguese colonize Portuguese the area (1505) • Settlers & officials were left to control the area Mozambique Company, Mozambique the Zambezia Company, & Niassa Company – Became the governing units in the area Example of Independence Caused by Colonialism in the Developing World (con’t) Mozambique (con’t.) Mozambique (con’ • Imbalance in power developed between Mozambique Portuguese & Mozambique indigenous • Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO) & guerrilla warfare (1964-1975) (1964• Mozambique independence (1975) 9 Struggles Today: The After Effect of the Independence Movements Independence: Does it come Independence: without side effects? • Struggles over power Lebanon Lebanon • Civil War (1975(19751990) • Confessional State & Demographics • Outside influences – Palestinian refugee influx & Israel invasion in 1978 & 1982 Struggles Today: The After Effect of the Independence Movements Independence: Does it come Independence: without side effects? • Rise of different forms of dictatorships Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt Gamal Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe Robert • Civil wars between competing groups who had worked together previously India versus Pakistan India • Neocolonialism and the development of the NonNonAligned Movement (NAM) 10 Next Time in Class Globalization & the Shrinking Globalization World We Live In Interdependence & Its Effect on Interdependence the World Current Events Current 11 ...
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