28p. Relational operators _printable_

28p. Relational operators _printable_ - Relational...

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1 ©2009 by L. Lagerstrom Relational Operators • Relational operations and assignment statements • Relational operators with arrays • Innovative uses of relational operators: Fixing sin(x)/x Creating a discontinuous sine signal ©2009 by L. Lagerstrom Relational Operations Relational operators are the familiar math operators >, <, etc. for representing inequalities and similar relationships. In Matlab, however, we use them a little bit differently than we do in regular math. In regular math usage, when we write A < B, we mean that A is less than B. In Matlab, however, when we write A < B, it means for Matlab to test whether the value of A is less than the value of B and return the result: true or false. That is, it means “is A less than B?” So if A has the value 10 and B has the value 7, the result of A < B is false. If the values were reversed, then obviously the result is true. Some programming languages use the actual words “true” and “false” to represent results like these. Matlab, however, like many other languages, uses the values 0 and 1, where 0 represents false and 1 represents true. ©2009 by L. Lagerstrom Relational Assignment Statements Because Matlab interprets the expression A < B (and similar expressions) to mean “test if A is less than B and return the true/false result as either a 1 or a 0,” we can write assignment statements with relational operators as below. Note that at first glance they look very weird, but if we remember that for an assignment statement we first evaluate the expression on the right side of the assignment operator (the = sign) and then assign (transfer) the result to the variable on the left side, they make sense in the context of Matlab. >>A = 10; B = 7; >>x = A < B; %The value of x will be 0 (representing false, i.e., %the value of A is not less than the value of B). >>y = A > B; %The value of x will be 1 (representing true, i.e., %the value of A is less than the value of B). ©2009 by L. Lagerstrom Matlab’s Relational Operators The relational operators available in Matlab are listed below. Note that for “less than or equal to” and “greater than or equal to” we type two symbols, i.e., <= or >=, in that order (the same order as we usually say it). But Matlab treats them as a single symbol. < is used for “less than” > is used for “greater than” <= is used for “less than or equal to” >= is used for “greater than or equal to” == is used for “equal to” ~= is used for “not equal to” See the next slide for a few comments about the last two operators, the equality operator and the inequality operator.
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2 ©2009 by L. Lagerstrom The Equality and Inequality Operators Note that the equality operator, which is used to test whether two quantities are equal, is a double equals sign, i.e., ==. (We can’t use a single equals sign, because Matlab uses that for the assignment operator.) It’s very easy to type only a single equals sign for the equality operator when we mean to type two. The resulting Matlab
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28p. Relational operators _printable_ - Relational...

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