Psychology notes - Psychology Feb. 15, 2010 Chapter 1:...

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Psychology Feb. 15, 2010 Chapter 1: History of Psychology What Is Psychology? Psychology is the science that studies behavior and the physiological and cognitive processes that underlie it, and it is the profession that applies the accumulated knowledge of this science to practical problems. Not just how people feel, its more why they feel that way. Psychology is a science that is diverse and broad. Nine Major Research Areas Developmental -How a child develops physically and cognitively Social -how humans behave in certain situations Educational Health -Psychological factors that lead people to do healthy things or destructive things Experimental Physiological Cognitive -higher level metal abilities, problem solving, memory Personality -study peoples personalities. Psychometrics -devise tests Six Major Applied Areas Clinical Counseling Educational/School Industrial/Organizational Clinical neuropsychology
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Forensic psychology History of Psychology Prior to 1879 Physiology and philosophy scholars study questions about the mind. Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) Univ. of Leipzig, Germany. Campaigned to make psychology an independent discipline Established the first lab for psychology in 1879 Psychology was born Wilhelm Wundt’s International Influence Leipzig, place to study psychology Graduates of Wundt’s program set up new labs across Europe and North America G. Stanley Hall (1846-1924), Johns Hopkins Univ. Est. the first psychology lab in the U.S. in 1883 Between 1883 and 1893 24 new labs were in America Battle of the “schools” in the U.S.: Structuralism vs. Functionalism Structuralism- Edward Titchener Analyze consciousness into basic elements. o Introspection - careful, systematic observations of one’s own conscious experience. Functionalism – William James Investigate function of consciousness Led to investigation of mental testing, developmental patterns, and sex differences. “Stream of consciousness”- consciousness was a stream of events that kept happening. Sigmund Freud and the Concept of Unconscious Mind
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Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) – Austria Founded Psychoanalytic school of thought Emphasis on unconscious processes influencing behavior Unconscious= outside awareness Freud’s Ideas: Controversy and Influence Behavior is influenced by the unconscious Unconscious conflict related to sexuality plays a central role in behavior Controversial notions caused debate/resistance Significant influence on the field of psychology Behaviorism: redefining Psychology John B. Watson (1878-1958): United States
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Psychology notes - Psychology Feb. 15, 2010 Chapter 1:...

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