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auth-1.php - Zumdahl Chapter 13 CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM...

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CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM Zumdahl Chapter 13
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Chemical Equilibrium y Reversibility – the ability of a chemical reaction to go both forward and backward y Equilibrium – the state where the concentrations of all reactants and products remain constant with time, the state where the rate of the forward reaction is equal to the rate of the reverse reaction
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Chemical Equilibrium y Equilibrium Position – a set of equilibrium concentrations. If the reactants are favored the equilibrium is said to lie to the left. If the products are favored the equilibrium is said to lie to the right. y Factors determining equilibrium position – initial concentrations, relative energies of reactants and products, relative degree of organization of reactants and products.
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Chemical Equilibrium
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Chemical Equilibrium y Law of Mass Action – assume elementary steps y Equilibrium Expression –
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Types of Equilibria y Homogeneous Equilibrium – all reactants and products are in the same phase y
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