1_B_New_Monarchs.pdf - The New Monarchs AP European History 1 J.F Walters(2010 1 The New Monarchs Essential Questions 1 What were the general

1_B_New_Monarchs.pdf - The New Monarchs AP European History...

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The New Monarchs AP European History J.F. Walters (2010) 1 1
1.What were the general characteristics of the New Monarchs?2.In what ways was Henry VII a New Monarch?3.In what ways were Louis XI and François I New Monarchs?4.In what ways were Ferdinand & Isabella New Monarchs?5.What was the Reconquista6.What was the Expulsion of 1492?7.What was the Inquisition and how was it used to enforce the policies of the Spanish monarchs?8.What was the Alhambra and how did its architecture reflect Moorish/Islamic influences?9.In what ways was the Holy Roman Empire a New Monarchy?10. Who was Charles V and what problems did he face during his reign? ? 12. The New Monarchs: Essential Questions AP European History • The New Monarchs •J.F. Walters & G.W.Whitton 2
New Monarchs: General Characteristics AP European History • The New Monarchs •J.F. Walters & G.W.Whitton provided order civil peace imposed on violent and chaotic societies monarchy offered as a guarantee of law and order universal nature hereditary monarchy monarchs referred to themselves as “sovereign” competed for power with nobility/local princes destruction of feudal or common law enlisted support of growing middle class 3
New Monarchs: General Characteristics (cont’d) AP European History • The New Monarchs •J.F. Walters & G.W.Whitton use of Roman law welfare of the people is the highest law ( salus populi suprema lex ) kings could make and enact law by their own authority: what pleases the prince has the force of law ( quod principi placuit legis habet vigorem ) note: Roman law was used in New Monarchies on mainland Europe (“the continent”), but not in England where the English continued to use traditional common law expanded government bureaucracies established efficient systems of taxation to raise money for the crown expanded government agencies to carry out royal laws encouraged a sense of national identity established national militaries loyal to the monarchy NOTE: the “new monarchs” had various degrees of success in establishing these characteristics 4
The New Monarchy in England: Henry VII (1485-1509) AP European History • The New Monarchs •J.F. Walters & G.W.Whitton ended the Wars of the Roses in 1485 Wars of the Roses (1455-85): civil war in England for control of the English crown combatants: House of Lancaster (red rose) v. House of York (white rose) civil war won by Henry Tudor of the House of Lancaster when Henry defeated Richard III of the House of York at the Battle of Bosworth Field (1485) Henry Tudor was crowned King Henry VII (1485), who later married Elizabeth of York (1486) to help ease tensions between the two families Henry VII: The First Tudor Source: Wikipedia 5
The New Monarchy in England: Henry VII (1485-1509) AP European History • The New Monarchs •J.F. Walters & G.W.Whitton prohibited “livery & maintenance” livery & maintenance: traditional practice whereby the nobility maintained private armies Henry’s banning of the nobles’ armies allowed the monarchy to gain an upper-hand over the nobles utilized the Star Chamber

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