02R-The_Renaissance - AP European History Period 1.1 Teacher\u2019s Edition The Renaissance Note While many AP courses cover the entire Renaissance

02R-The_Renaissance - AP European History Period 1.1...

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© HistorySage.com 2017 All Rights Reserved This material may not be posted on any website other than HistorySage.com AP European History: Period 1.1 Teacher’s Edition The Renaissance Note: While many AP courses cover the entire Renaissance from 1300- 1600, the AP exam will only cover information after 1450. I. Background A. The Renaissance is considered the beginning of modern European History. For a contrast between the Renaissance and Later Middle Ages see the study guide at the end of this section. B. The Renaissance (c. 1300-1600) 1. It occurred first in Italy c. 1300 and lasted until 1527 when Rome was sacked by foreign armies. 2. The Renaissance spread to northern Europe around 1450. 3. In England, the Renaissance did not begin until the 16 th century and lasted until the early 17 th century (e.g. Shakespeare). C. Origins of the concept of a “Renaissance”: 19 th -century Swiss historian Jacob Burckhardt claimed the Renaissance period stood in distinct contrast to the Middle Ages. D. Renaissance culture applied almost exclusively to the upper classes. 1. The upper classes had the luxury of time to spend learning the classics. 2. The peasantry was largely illiterate and Renaissance ideas had little impact on common people. 3. The working classes and small merchants were far too preoccupied with the concerns of daily life. II. Rise of the Italian City-States A. The northern Italian cities developed international trade: Genoa, Venice, Milan 1. Signori (despots) or oligarchies (rule of merchant aristocracies) controlled much of Italy by 1300. 2. Commenda: a contract between a merchant and “merchant - adventurer” who agreed to take goods to di stant locations and return with the proceeds (for 1/3 of profits). 3. As a result, Italy became more urban: it had more towns and cities with significant populations than anywhere else in Europe at this time. Concept Outline Bolded items are meant to highlight terms that are funda- mental to the course content. Under- lined phrases highlight important material that is funda- mental to the course content. Green shading indicates material that is included in the Curriculum Framework that all students are expected to know. Notes Yellow shading denotes illustrative examples identified in the new Curriculum Framework . Exam questions will never focus on any illustrative examples. Students, however, may use these illustrative examples, or others provided by their teacher, to answer essay questions. Note: Politics among the Italian city- states is not a part of the new Curriculum Framework. Teachers may choose to skip or quickly move through this material.