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mit-o1m1-ans - Practice Exam #1 Chemistry 5.12 Organic...

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Unformatted text preview: Practice Exam #1 Chemistry 5.12 Organic Chemistry 0 Midterm exam #1 will be held on Friday, February 21, from 12—1pm.. 0 Notes and calculators will not be allowed in the exam. 0 You will be free to use molecular models during the exam. 0 You will be given a periodic table. ' The exam will cover reading (Ch. 1, 2, 3.1—3.9) and lecture material through Tuesday, February 18. 0 Dr. Tabacco will give a review session at 7pm on Tuesday, February 18 0 Additional suggested problems from the book (some of these were already suggested during lecture): 1-23,25,27,34,36,37,39—43, 45—47, 2-27— 31,33, 3-34,35,38,39,41a,b,42. 0 For best results, take this test as if it were your exam. That way, you'll know which areas need extra work before you get to the real exam. ANSNPE WY 1. Circle the correct answer. a) What is the approximate H—C—H bond angle in methane? b) What is the IUPAC name for isobutane? isopropylmethane 3-methylbutane 2-methylpropane‘ c) How much is a gauche butane interaction worth? 1.3 kcal/mol 0.9 kcal/mol ' 4.0 kcal/mol d) What is the barrier to rotation of ethane? 1.3 kcal/mol 3.0 kcal/mol \ e) What is the pKa of ethane? ‘\ 120° 180° 1.0 kcal/mol 4.5 50 15.7 2. a) Provide line drawings for the following compounds. b) How many degrees of unsaturation does each compound have? methylcyclopentane / C/ 1 5-tert-butyl-4ethyl-2,3,4,7-tetramethyloctane /I Name ___\<%fi_ 2 . Below is a line drawing of beryllium chloride (BeClZ). a) Draw in all of the lone pairs. b) Label the atoms with their appropriate hybridization. c) What is the bond angle in BeClZ? a '9 .i "5, SCI—Be—CII L306 (flawed d) Draw an orbital picture of BeC12_ Label all orbitals (bonding and non- bonding). e) Would you expect BeCl2 to be nucleophilic or electrophilic? Explain briefly. aim-flak tee m rm tam atom ml m M «halt. "1+ Cam [Lg—t Name 3 y, (“55+ @0744”? 4. For each pair, circle the molecule with the lowest pKa and provide a brief explanation for your choice. CI , l1] lflJuCHl/e ) UPS H—CIJ—CI vs H—C—CI [0AM Eméxs "‘5 law“ a i /CH3 N VS (Dd. ’ Mm soy _ H—Br vs H—CI O ( «:9 low"de O HZCQLN/H VS i 5. Provide a line drawing for the alkane represented by the following Newman projections and predict the relative energies of the conformers. otfl W l‘; Me 1" H‘Me Me HY'Me H M: o q g H H ' Me —- H ,o‘— vi i. H Me H MK“ H Me RA M54 3 H “Y” H Me Hm I. s e Erel = Erel = Erel = Erel = 1.8 as on 3‘7 JV 1 Name __ 4 6. Provide the products of the following reactions and use curved arrows to draw the reaction mechanisms. (Draw in all lone pairs and formal charges.)F ; fl ' , 9 4.?» a) 7/“ x”. s I. /A’{\: r 7r "0‘ ’ A'ji’; ' H3C/O\CH3 —’ ll; C/@\C‘rl3 c) In the above reactions, which of the four molecules is acting as a Bronsted base? all l’ls C 7’ d) In the above reactions, which of the four molecules is acting as a Lewis acid? r K. _ \F */ Name 5 7. a) For each pair, circle the major (lowest energy) resonance structure and provide a brief explanation for your choice. b) Draw curved arrows to convert the structures on the left to the structures on the right. Draw in any lone pairs that you move with curved arrows. V 0 MW M Name 6 8. a) Both of the nitrogen atoms in A are potentially Lewis basic. Draw the two possible products resulting from the reaction of A with BF3. Use curved arrows to show the reaction mechanism. Show all lone pairs and formal charges. N 6%?5 I / + BE] .9 \‘%j Q9 H3C’N‘CH3 ‘ Ll \\l A \ / ".29 \ 63) t + *1 \wfl) M”, 87Fb b) Which product from part a would you expect to be more stable? Draw resonance structures to illustrate your answer. W WW Le W ‘ 4M W ‘0’? 347% Low W {7539 I 2 (2.. p . f ( 3 ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2010 for the course CHEM 202 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '10 term at Duke.

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mit-o1m1-ans - Practice Exam #1 Chemistry 5.12 Organic...

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