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Unformatted text preview: 17-3 Sodium Hydroxide and Carbon Dioxide: Why it is Important to Keep Your Standard NaOH Solutions Capped
Description: A sodium hydroxide solution is added to a PET soda bottle that is filled with CO2. The bottle is quickly capped and shaken. The bottle collapses. Concept: Carbon dioxide reacts with sodium hydroxide as follows: CO2 (g) + H2O (l) ⇔ H2CO3 (aq) H2CO3 (aq) + NaOH (aq) → NaCO3 (aq) + H2O (l) As CO2 gas is removed from the closed bottle, the pressure inside the bottle decreases. The atmospheric pressure on the outside remains the same and will collapse the bottle. Surface area in gas-liquid reactions is important. If there is less contact between the gas and liquid, the reaction will proceed at a slower rate. Materials: • 2 liter polyethylene terephthalate (PET*) soda bottle • 30 mL 6 M NaOH • CO2 lecture bottle Procedure: Before class: Fill the soda bottle with CO2. Water displacement works well for this. During class: Quickly open the bottle, pour in 30 mL of 6 M NaOH, and recap the bottle. Shake the bottle. Set it down and watch it collapse. If demonstrating importance of surface area, prepare two bottles and do not shake one of them. Safety: Sodium hydroxide is corrosive. Wear gloves and goggles. Do not re-use the soda bottle. Sodium hydroxide will decompose the PET over time. Clean-up: Rinse the bottle well with water. Rinse water may be flushed down the drain with excess water. The bottle can be put in the regular trash. Notes: * PET bottles have a triangle with a “1” on the bottom. 17-3 ...
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- Spring '10
- Analytical Chemistry