Lecture 8

Lecture 8 - Pragmatics The capacity to recognize that one...

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Pragmatics The capacity to recognize that one is in a communicative situation and to identify the meaning conveyed by either non-linguistic or linguistic means.
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Non-conversational implicature (G. Gergely and colleagues) 14 mo. subjects observe a seated experimenter bend from the waist and touch his head to a domed box: the dome lights up. The infant shows delight. One week later the infants are exposed to the domed box. 67% bend over and press the dome with their heads. (Melzoff 1988, 1999)
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directed actions Why do infants imitate the adult experimenter? Why don’t they just get the dome to light up by pressing it with their hands? (why do they use a novel (and odd) action to achieve a goal that could be achieved by using a familiar and easy action, namely, using their hands?) H1 : Imitative learning (non-human primates) Focuses on outcome, not on means to achieve it.
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Lecture 8 - Pragmatics The capacity to recognize that one...

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