JAPN130B10_HW%2020%28word%29

JAPN130B10_HW%2020%28word%29 - JAPN130B10 HW 20 Staple the...

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Unformatted text preview: JAPN130B10 HW 20 Staple the pages together {* + p Page 1of 16 staple the pages together & x^ ∙ Don’t tur n submit this page with your HW. <<Grammar Explanations for HW 20>> 1 . ~ H• * “fl 5 V plain form + H 5• fl “ @+ {* q5 fl is sleeping { p * + 5“ fl ( • 5* fl (“ • pretend ~ pretend that one pretend not to see ( and grammatical; however, is more commonly used than ) is OK ( * ª Drop from plain negative and add : This is archaic negative auxiliary of negative. This can be used only with verbs. This is used in very stiff written Japanese. There are quite a few proverbs in which is used. instead of JAPN130B10 HW 20 Staple the pages together {* + p Page 2of 16 staple the pages together 4 @ ∙ 6 •* fl“ (Lit. A cane in advance so as not to fall. → prevention is better than cure.) (Lit. Not to know is to be a Buddha. → Ignorance is bliss.) (Lit. Not to speak is a flower. → Better leave it unsaid.) ○ ( fl* 6 • “ ) : feign ignorance ª {p * + X• fl 6“ FYI. colloquial form of . This is a fixed phrase. does not work with Xfl 6• other verbs.) Adj fl 6 “ X • i­adjective ª Xfl 6 “ • (na­adjective ) X fl • 6 * “ JAPN130B10 HW 20 Staple the pages together {* + p Page 3of 16 staple the pages together ∙ N * “ • ‚fl 6 NOTE: Žš conduct. “ Æ"X *{{ “„ G+ % • means “behavior, “ • ÆX n8{+ %„ { + you can better yourself by observing others. 2 . T w o u s a g e s o f 6• ‚ “ fl ~ “ • fl 6 ‚ 8 ‚fl“ 6 •* That is to say, “ • fl 6 ‚ Read p . 3 8 6“ ‚• fl it follows that, that means~; that’s why This structure states speaker’s/writer’s conclusion which is drawn through deductive, logical judgment or calculation on the basis of what he or she has heard or read. It often gives a summary or a restatement of previous JAPN130B10 HW 20 Staple the pages together {* + p Page 4of 16 staple the pages together Ł∙ D ˘ statements. 6• fl is highly dependent on verbal context. verb/i­adjective : Plain ª• (fl 6 ­ 2+ { 8 ˉ Na­adjective: non­past/affirmative d i c t i o n a r y f o r m 6• (“ fl 4 the rest plain 4 6• (* fl “ {ÆX+ G„ %{ • * " “ {ÆX+ G„ %{ • * " “ {ÆX+ G„ %{ • * " “ 8 6• (* fl “ {ÆX+ “"„ %{ * G • ( s w o r8 d ) JAPN130B10 HW 20 Staple the pages together {* + p Page 5of 16 staple the pages together ∙p { G•%{ ÆX "“ + *„ p+ { * { G•%{ ÆX "“ + *„ { G•%{ ÆX "“ + *„ { G•%{ ÆX "“ + *„ G q• 5 p+ fl { * “ P hfl“ 4 •* hfl“ 4• ~ 4“ h• fl A phrase which presents a fact or truth known to the hearer as an following statement. hfl 4• reading for HW 20 has this function. h• 4 “ fl * p•+ fl* 5“q * { War is accompanied by great sacrifice, as you know, and we have to avoid it at any cost. used in introduction to a JAPN130B10 HW 20 Staple the pages together {* + p Page 6of 16 staple the pages together Œ∙ 04 3. ~ 5 •* łfl“ R e a d p . 7 6 5ł “ fl • 11 It does not mean that ~/It does not follow that ~ This structure is used to deny what is implied in the previous or following statement. {ÆX G„+ % "{ * “ 04 Œ ∙ : some people might think that the speaker cannot speak English. G4• + " fl“{ *q * negates that assumption. { Æ X+ G„ “{ • * " % " fl*+ G 4 {q •* “ I don’t mean to oppose your idea, but I wonder if things will go well using that approach that you proposed. If you raise a question about the plan that someone proposed, he or she may think that you opposed his or her idea. You can use JAPN130B10 HW 20 Staple the pages together {* + p Page 7of 16 staple the pages together ∙p ‘ p+ { * such implication. , to negate 4. CONJUNCTION << fl 4 • ( even when one does ~/even if one 6 does >> p.95 4 fl “ •* ( ( fl “ •* with G• •q+ "fl** 4“{ p+ { * emphasizes ‘even if’ You cannot use , . is comparable but not identical to and use . In the following sentence, you can , , or . The semantic difference between the three is that of English ‘even if’ vs. ‘although’ Gfl 4• •“ q "+ { * p ‘ JAPN130B10 HW 20 Staple the pages together {* + p Page 8of 16 staple the pages together ∙ , : even if 6“ ‚* fl • although, , it does although (unlike not imply speaker’s dissatisfaction, etc. See below for the explanation of ) When replaced by is used with WH­word, it cannot be 6 ‚ fl • or . * ª• ‚fl 6 * ª• ‚fl 6 p * + { << fl 6 ‚ • FACT expect. in spite of the fact that>> RESULT that speaker did not Implies doubt, dissatisfaction, criticism, regret, feeling that something is unexpected Gq• fl+ 6* { * “ p+ { * (dissatisfaction) JAPN130B10 HW 20 Staple the pages together {* + p Page 9of 16 staple the pages together + • G• " ÆX {%{ +? + D„ * G• " ÆX {%{ +? + D„ * (criticism) G ‘ {FÆ{ + •% “+ *„ X (surprise) If the main clause is a request, suggestion, question, command or request for permission, you cannot use XXX ○ À * { p + · ¯* 6 “ h . · ¯h 6 * “ ○ XXX · ¯* 6 “ h · ¯h 6 * “ ○ À * { p + ○ ○ G 7“ À "fl * * ˜q •{ + XXX · ¯* 6 “ h · ¯h 6 * “ JAPN130B10 HW 20 Staple the pages together {* + p Page 10of 16 staple the pages together ∙ t 6• fl links phrases of opposing meanings/ideas. The phrase that follows ~ does not necessarily imply doubt, dissatisfaction, criticism, regret, feeling that something is unexpected. G {F% „+ + “X Æ• { * JAPN130B10 HW 20 Staple the pages together {* + p Page 11of 16 staple the pages together E ‘ ˘ ∙ HW 20 ‘E˘ Staple the pages together {* + p Lec Sec. A . 4• “* Ł fl 8 E˘ a . @{ q8fl•“*G + * Łfl“ 4• * b . @8fl•“*G { * q + bullying Ł“ fl 4 • * Ł• fl 4“ 1. Complete the following sentences using a . Gfl** @•+ " “q •{ 8 +ÆG•+ { %“{ X * " „ . {ÆG•+ %“{ X * " „ (pretended I was studying) b . " 6•* q Gfl { “* + JAPN130B10 HW 20 Staple the pages together {* + p Page 12of 16 staple the pages together 0 › ∙ pretend he cannot speak (French) at all c. ¤ ˉ Xfl 5“ • is pretending to be a kind person d. ˉ ¤ Xfl 5“ • is pretending to be kind (use ) 2. Complete the following sentences using either *fl “• X 5 “5 X• fl A : q {+05fl•“* * B :G" *Æ%X„{+{ “ • logical conclusion) or “5 X• fl (negation of assumption). A : *+ p{ JAPN130B10 HW 20 Staple the pages together {* + p Page 13of 16 staple the pages together •˝¨ AP : B{ :G•%{ ÆX "“ + *„ 6• fl“ A{ : ÆX G•%{ "“ + *„ 6•* fl“ q• 4 p+ fl { * “ A : G q• • p+ "4 fl { * “ PB : p+ { * A : G q• "p+ 4 fl { * “ •´ B : fl“ 6* • ˝ A: B{ :G•%{ ÆX "“ + *„ LA L A fl“ 6* • JAPN130B10 HW 20 Staple the pages together {* + p Page 14of 16 staple the pages together + • A : G 7•* " “ { • flq+ * 8“ X•* fl B :p+ { * x ł A :*{+7fl•“*G" q B :p + { * 6 • * Xfl“ 60X •8 fl “* 3000X “ fl 8 • 3. + p { * Œ ○ a b c 1)+ 4* fl“ • c. H∙ a . 4• fl“ b. 2)H 4* fl“ • c. ∙ a . 4• fl“ b. JAPN130B10 HW 20 Staple the pages together {* + p Page 15of 16 staple the pages together P ¶• 3 3 ) G flq+ "4•* * “{ łfl“ 7• { * + b . 7 •* ł“ fl c. 7• łfl“ a. 4 ) p+ { * b. Ł •* 4“ fl c. a. 5) 4• Ł“ fl H ` A fl:{ G 7•* " “q+ * a. c. Łfl“ 4 •* b. 7•* flq+ * “{ 6) 4•* Ł“ fl A fl:{ G 7•* " “q+ * B b. c. a. 7 •* łfl“ JAPN130B10 HW 20 Staple the pages together {* + p Page 16of 16 staple the pages together • łfl“ 5• 7) ¸ ¼ ¸ ¼ c. ¼ ¸ a. “* xfl 6• b. 5• “* łfl Text for HW 20 • > 5“ * fl ł• of the text yet.) 1 . Gq• "• p* fl{ 6+ “ 5• ł* fl“ 2 . Gq• "• p* fl{ 6+ “ p + { * 3 . G •q• A** "+ p{ fl 6“ G •q p** fl{ 6+ “ Pp << (Read only << >> section. Don’t read the rest > ...
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